This third batch examines the plotting of the Austrian government, to deliver the ultimatum to Serbia when it best suited their interests. Could they keep it a secret? Could they overcome the counter intrigues of the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Sazonov? Let's find out!

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July Crisis Project #12: Away From Vienna (15-20 July 1914)

On 15th July the French president and Prime Minister set off from Paris to join the Russian Tsar for a summit in St Petersburg on 20th July, herein we recount the journey.

Raymond Poincare was a French political titan, and was utterly committed to the Russian alliance.

Raymond Poincare was a French political titan, and was utterly committed to the Russian alliance.

July Crisis Project #13: War Council (19 July 1914) 

By the time of 19th July, the word of the ultimatum had already reached the majority of European capitals; yet, in Vienna, Habsburg ministers carried on blindly...

Rene Viviani was in many ways the antithesis of Poincare - shy, quiet and at times apparently timid. Viviani represented a new school of repairing relations with Germany and bettering his countrymen's lives. At times Poincare couldn't stand him.

Rene Viviani was in many ways the antithesis of Poincare - shy, quiet and at times apparently timid. Viviani represented a new school of repairing relations with Germany and bettering his countrymen's lives. At times Poincare couldn't stand him.

July Crisis Project #14: The President and the Tsar (20-23 July 1914)

Over the course of 20-23rd July 1914, the French President and the Russian Tsar met in a summit that had been many months in the making, but which happened to coincide with the plans of Habsburg statesmen back in Vienna...

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, perhaps one of the most underrated actors of the entire July Crisis.

Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, perhaps one of the most underrated actors of the entire July Crisis.

July Crisis Project #15: Ultimatum (23 July 1914)

The process that landed Austria-Hungary in the position of delivering an ultimatum to Serbia has been covered in previous episodes, the details of the ultimatum and its delivery is covered here. Would Austria gain satisfaction in its boldest policy venture in decades, or would it be an anticlimactic representation of how far Habsburg power had dipped?

Premier of Serbia Nicola Pasic was responsible for leading his country's policy, and he would have to stand firm against the Austrian ultimatum, lest his country's independence would be in jeopardy.

Premier of Serbia Nicola Pasic was responsible for leading his country's policy, and he would have to stand firm against the Austrian ultimatum, lest his country's independence would be in jeopardy.

July Crisis Project #16: Sazonov's Day (24 July 1914)

The Russian Foreign Minister had a long day ahead of him. The day after the Austrian ultimatum was delivered, Sazonov had to pull in every contact and keep every ear open to see what would happen next. It was to be an eventful day, which only served to illustrate the importance of the Minister to the entire July Crisis.

Sergei Sazonov presented an immensely intimidating picture to those that got on his bad side. 

Sergei Sazonov presented an immensely intimidating picture to those that got on his bad side.