In this second batch of episodes, Austria developed its response, as events in Serbia inflamed opinion, and the hardliners tried to persuade the Hungarian Minister President that war was a great cause to invest in. We finish with an alternative look at Russia, which may change how you view the period altogether.

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July Crisis Project #7: Tisza's Pressure (7th July 1914)

On 7th July Austro-Hungarian statesmen met to discuss the previous events and formulate policy. The result was a fundamental transformation of how the Habsburgs planned on representing themselves in the coming days.

Stefan Tisza was Hungary's Minister President, and thus he was 50% responsible for formulating the Habsburg response to what the Black Hand had just done. He was, unfortunately for the pro-war camp, utterly opposed to war, for now at least.

Stefan Tisza was Hungary's Minister President, and thus he was 50% responsible for formulating the Habsburg response to what the Black Hand had just done. He was, unfortunately for the pro-war camp, utterly opposed to war, for now at least.

July Crisis Project #8: Death of a Statesman (10th July 1914)

On 10th July, as Berchtold and Conrad attempted to overcome their own respective obstacles, an event occurred in Serbia which dramatically changed the atmosphere...

Nikolai Hartwig, Russian ambassador to Serbia and an unfortunate casualty of the crisis.

Nikolai Hartwig, Russian ambassador to Serbia and an unfortunate casualty of the crisis.

July Crisis Project #9: Belgrade Alight (roughly 10-13 July 1914)

Picking up the pieces after the death of the Russian ambassador, the Habsburg foreign minister acquires evidence which he believes, will finally persuade the Hungarian minister president towards war.

Leopold von Berchtold was Austria's Foreign Minister, and the individual normally charged with starting the war, or at least Austria's portion of it.

Leopold von Berchtold was Austria's Foreign Minister, and the individual normally charged with starting the war, or at least Austria's portion of it.

July Crisis Project #10: Persuading Tisza (14 July 1914)

Armed with his pro-action arguments, the Austro-Hungarian foreign minister believed he had finally acquired the tools he could use to persuade the most ardent opponent of his plans: the Hungarian minister president...

Their aged Emperor was eager to let them have at it, but first Stefan Tisza would have to be persuaded that war was the right course of action.

Their aged Emperor was eager to let them have at it, but first Stefan Tisza would have to be persuaded that war was the right course of action.

July Crisis Project #11: Profiiles #3 Russia

The story of how Russia came to be opposed against Germany and Austria is one you have heard many times. This time, we take a different tone, and suggest that Russia's old enemy may not have been as forgotten as some histories would have you believe...

Anglo-Russian competition dated back to the end of the Congress of Vienna, but wars and stand offs since hadn't helped matters, though they did grant us a wealth of propaganda to pour over. Here the Turkish Sultan has a nightmare about the encroaching Russian presence...

Anglo-Russian competition dated back to the end of the Congress of Vienna, but wars and stand offs since hadn't helped matters, though they did grant us a wealth of propaganda to pour over. Here the Turkish Sultan has a nightmare about the encroaching Russian presence...