I am constantly asked what sources I used for the different series. Rather than upload a document or release a blog post, I decided to place this section here on the site, and update it regularly enough to keep you guys informed. Listed so far in bibliography are the following series. Click on the series to download its bibliography:

1) First World War/July Crisis/A Matter of Honour

2) 1916 Rising miniseries

3) Thirty Years War Miniseries

4) The Korean War

5) 1956 - The Eventful Year

6) The Versailles Anniversary Project

In time I plan to bring more of the other materials and place them here as a kind of treasure trove and centre for finding everything you need to know. With every major series I hope to launch, we should be able to point people towards this space for most questions. If you have any questions about sources or bibliographies etc, make sure to let me know through the usual channels. I am never far from my email: wdfpodcast@hotmail.com

 

First World War Bibliography, from the July Crisis Project to A Matter of Honour book.

-PRIMARY SOURCES-

British Newspaper Archive, for a full listing of available newspapers see:
http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/home/newspapertitles

Gooch, G. P. and Temperley, Harold (eds). British Documents on the Origins of the War, 1898-1914: Vol. XI: The Outbreak of War: Foreign Office Documents June 28th-August 4th, 1914. London, 1926.

Collected and Arranged with Introduction and Notes by J.W. Headlam-Morley, M.A., C.B.E., Historical Adviser to the Foreign Office. (Content reprinted courtesy of HMSO, 1996; format and presentation ©World War I Document Archive, 1996). Available: http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/1914m/gooch/goochid2.htm

House of Commons Parliamentary Papers, provided by ProQuest and Hansard.
Available: http://parlipapers.chadwyck.co.uk/home.do

Lloyd George, David. War Memoirs of David Lloyd George, Vol. 1. London, 1938.

National Archives. Documents FO/800/84; FO/800/55; FO/800/74; FO/800/374; FO/800/375

The Times archive; accessed issues 28th June- 20th September 1914.

 

 

-PRINTED SECONDARY SOURCES-

Addison, Paul. ‘The Three Careers of Winston Churchill’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 11 (2001), pp. 183-199.

Afflerbach, Holger and Stevenson, David (eds). An Improbable War?: The Outbreak of World War 1 and European Political Culture Before 1914. Oxford; Berghahn Books, 2007.

Althann, Robert. ‘Papal Mediation during the First World War’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 61, No. 243 (Autumn, 1972), pp. 219-240.

Andrew, Donna T. ‘The Code of Honor and Its Critics: The Opposition to Duelling in England, 1700-1850’. Social History, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Oct, 1980), pp. 409-434.

Angell, Norman. Europe’s Optical Illusion. London; The Knickerbocker Press, 1909.

Angell, Norman. Peace Theories and the Balkan War. London; Cosimo Classics, republished edition – 2007.

Angell, Norman. The Fruits of Victory: The Sequel to ‘The Great Illusion’. New York; The Century Co., 1921.

Armer, Michael J. ‘A Preliminary Analysis and Measurement of National Prestige’. The Pacific Sociological Review, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring, 1966), pp. 3-8.

Auld, John W. ‘The Liberal Pro-Boers’. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2 (May, 1975), pp. 78-101.

Bartlett, Rosamund. ‘Japonisme and Japanophobia: The Russo-Japanese War in Russian Cultural Consciousness’. The Russian Review, Vol. 67, No. 1 (Jan., 2008), pp. 8-33

Berridge, G. R. ‘Ententes and Alliances’. Review of International Studies, Vol. 15, No. 3 (July, 1989), pp. 251-260.

Blok, Anton. ‘Rams and Billy-Goats: A Key to the Mediterranean Code of Honor. Man, New Series, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep, 1981), pp. 427-440.

Bridge, F. R. ‘The British Declaration of War on Austria-Hungary in 1914’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 47, No. 109 (July, 1969), pp. 401-422.

Brock, Eleanor and Michael. H. H. Asquith- Letters to Venetia Stanley. New York; Oxford University Press, 1983.

Cassidy, Ben. ‘Machiavelli and the Ideology of the Offensive: Gunpowder Weapons in "The Art of War"’. The Journal of Military History, Vol. 67, No. 2 (Apr., 2003), pp. 381-404

Churchill, Lieutenant Winston S. ‘The Fashoda Incident’. The North American Review, Vol. 167, No. 505 (Dec., 1898), pp. 736-743.

Churchill, Winston S. The World Crisis 1911-1918. London; Penguin Books, 2007 – republished from 1931.

Charmley, John. Splendid Isolation? Britain and the Balance of Power 1874-1914. London; Hodder & Stoughten, 1999.

Clark, Christopher. The Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914. London; Penguin Books, 2012.

Clarke, I. F. ‘Future-War Fiction: The First Main Phase, 1871-1900’. Science Fiction Studies, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Nov., 1997), pp. 387-412.

Cockfield, Jamie. ‘Germany and the Fashoda Crisis, 1898-99’. Central European History, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Sep., 1983), pp. 256-275.

Cohen, Stuart A. ‘Sir Arthur Nicolson and Russia: The Case of the Baghdad Railway’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 18, No. 4 (Dec., 1975), pp. 863-872.

Conybeare, John A C A. ‘Portfolio Diversification Model of Alliances: The Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente’. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Mar 1992), pp. 53-85.

Coogan, John W. and Peter F. ‘The British Cabinet and the Anglo-French Staff Talks, 1905-1914: Who Knew What and When Did He Know It?’ Journal of British Studies, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Jan., 1985), pp. 110-131.

Cooper, Sandi E. ‘Pacifism in France, 1889-1914: International Peace as a Human Right’. French Historical Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Autumn, 1991), pp. 359-386.

Corp, Edward T. ‘Sir Eyre Crowe and the Administration of the Foreign Office, 1906-1914’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 22, No. 2 (June, 1979), pp. 443-454.

Corp, Edward T. ‘Sir William Tyrrell: The Eminence Grise of the British Foreign Office, 1912-1915’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Sep., 1982), pp. 697-708.

Cosgrove, Richard A. ‘The Career of Sir Eyre Crowe: A Reassessment’. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Winter, 1972), pp. 193-205.

Crampton, R. J. ‘The Balkans as a Factor in German Foreign Policy, 1912-1914’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Jul., 1977), pp. 370-390.

Cross, Anthony. ‘A Corner of a Foreign Field: The British Embassy in St Petersburg, 1863-1918’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 88, No. 1/2, Personality and Place in Russian Culture (January/April 2010), pp. 328-358.

Cunningham, Allan. ‘The Sick Man and the British Physician’. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 147-173.

Cunningham, Hugh. ‘The Language of Patriotism, 1750-1914’. History Workshop, No. 12 (Autumn, 1981), pp. 8-33.

Cust, Richard. ‘Honor and Politics in Early Stuart England: The Case of Beaumont v. Hastings’. Past & Present, No. 149 (Nov, 1995), pp. 57-94.

Dabhoiwala, Faramerz. ‘The Construction of Honor, Reputation and Status in Late Seventeenth and Early Eighteenth Century England’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 6 (1996), pp. 201-213.

David, Saul. Victoria’s Wars. London; Penguin Books, 2007.

Deane, Bradley. Masculinity and the New Imperialism: Rewriting Manhood in British Popular Literature, 1870–1914. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Deigh, John. ‘The Politics of Disgust and Shame’. The Journal of Ethics, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Dec, 2006), pp. 383-418.

Demm, Eberhard. ‘Propaganda and Caricature in the First World War’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Jan., 1993), pp. 163-192.

Egan, M. F. ‘Kultur and Our Need of It’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 4, No. 14 (Jun., 1915), pp. 206-214.

Ekstein, Michael. ‘Sir Edward Grey and Imperial Germany in 1914’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 6, No. 3 (1971), pp. 121-131.

Ekstein, Michael. ‘Some Notes on Sir Edward Grey's Policy in July 1914’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2 (June, 1972), pp. 321-324.

Ellis, Heather. ‘Thomas Arnold, Christian Manliness and the Problem of Boyhood’. Journal of Victorian Culture, Vol. 19, No. 4 (2014), pp. 425-441.

Ellis, John S. ‘"The Methods of Barbarism" and the "Rights of Small Nations": War Propaganda and British Pluralism’. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 30, No. 1(Spring, 1998), pp. 49-75.

Farrar Jr, L. L. ‘The Limits of Choice: July 1914 Reconsidered’. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 16, No. 1 (March, 1972), pp. 1-23.

Farnell, J. E. ‘The Navigation Act of 1651, the First Dutch War, and the London Merchant Community’. The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 16, No. 3 (1964), pp. 444-449.

Farwell, Byron. Queen Victoria’s Little Wars. Hertfordshire; Wordsworth Editions, 1999.

Fay, Peter Ward. The Opium War 1840-1842. CA; University of North Carolina Press, 1997.

Feldman, Eliyahu. ‘British Diplomats and British Diplomacy and the 1905 Pogroms in Russia’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 65, No. 4 (Oct., 1987), pp. 579-608.

Ferguson, Niall. ‘Germany and the Origins of the First World War: New Perspectives’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Sept, 1992), pp. 725-752.

Ferguson, Niall. The Pity of War. London; Penguin Books, 1998.

Fisher, Fritz. Germany’s Aims in the First World War. London; W. W. Norton [trans. ed.], 1968.

Fisher, Fritz. War of Illusions. London; W. W. Norton [trans. ed.], 1975.

Fisher, Fritz. World Power or Decline. London; Littlehampton Book Services Ltd [trans. ed.], 1975.

Fletcher, A. J. 'Honor, Reputation and Local Office-holding in Elizabethan and Stuart England', in Order and Disorder in Early Modern England, ed. Anthony Fletcher and John Stevenson (Cambridge, 1985), pp. 92-115.

Fletcher, A. ‘Patriotism, the Great War and the Decline of Victorian Manliness’. The Journal of the Historical Association (2014), pp. 40-72.

Frankel, Richard. ‘From the Beer Halls to the Halls of Power: The Cult of Bismarck and the Legitimization of a New German Right, 1898-1945’. German Studies Review, Vol. 26, No. 3 (Oct., 2003), pp. 543-560.

Gerrard, Stephen. ‘Morality and Codes of Honor’. Philosophy, Vol. 69, No. 267 (Jan., 1994), pp. 69-84.

Gibbs, Sir Philip. Now It Can Be Told. London; Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1920.

Gibler, Douglas M. ‘The Costs of Reneging: Reputation and Alliance Formation’. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 52, No. 3 (June, 2008), pp. 426-454.

Gilbert, Bentley B. ‘Pacifist to Interventionist: David Lloyd George in 1911 and 1914. Was Belgium an Issue?’ The Historical Journal, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Dec., 1985), pp. 863-885.

Gill, Aisha. ‘Patriarchal Violence in the Name of ‘Honor’’. International Journal of Criminal Justice Sciences, Vol 1, No. 1 (January 2006), pp. 1-12.

Godkin, Edwin L. ‘The Eastern Question’. The North American Review, Vol. 124, No. 254 (Jan., 1877), pp. 106-126.

Gowing, Laura. ‘Women, Status and the Popular Culture of Dishonor’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 6 (1996), pp. 225-234.

Greaves, Rose Louise. ‘Some Aspects of the Anglo-Russian Convention and Its Working in Persia, 1907-14—II’. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 31, No. 2 (1968), pp. 290-308.

Groenveld, Simon. ‘The English Civil Wars As a Cause of the First Anglo-Dutch War, 1640-1652’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Sept, 1987), pp. 555-560.

Guins, George C. ‘The Politics of 'Pan-Slavism'’. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Jan., 1949), pp.125-132.

Gullace, Nicoletta F. ‘Sexual Violence and Family Honor: British Propaganda and International Law during the First World War’. The American Historical Review, Vol. 102, No. 3 (June, 1997), pp. 714-747.

Harris, Norman Dwight. ‘The Southern Slav Question’. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 9, No. 2 (May, 1915), pp. 227-251

Hayes, Paul. Themes in Modern European History 1890-1945. Google eBook, 2002.

Herwig, Holger H. ‘The German Reaction to the Dreadnought Revolution’. The International History Review, Vol. 13, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 273-283.

Hochschild, Adam. To End All Wars. London; Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011.

Hopkin, Deian. ‘Domestic Censorship in the First World War’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 5, No. 4 (1970), pp. 151-169.

Howard, Michael. ‘World War One: The Crisis in European History – The Role of the Military Historian’. The Journal of Military History, Vol. 57, No. 5, Special Issue: Proceedings of the Symposium on "The History of War as Part of General History" at the Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton, New Jersey (Oct., 1993), pp. 127-138.

Howland, Douglas. ‘Sovereignty and the Laws of War: International Consequences of Japan's 1905 Victory over Russia’. Law and History Review, Vol. 29, No. 1 (February 2011), pp. 53-97.

Hall, Richard C. The Balkan Wars 1912–1913: Prelude to the First World War. London; Routledge, 2000.

Helmreich, Jonathan E. ‘Belgian Concern over Neutrality and British Intentions, 1906-14’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 36, No. 4 (Dec., 1964), pp. 416-427.

Hyam, Ronald. Understanding the British Empire. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Jackson, Patrick. Morley of Blackburn: A Literary and Political Biography of John Morley. Maryland; Fairleigh Dickinson, 2012.

Jarausch, Konrad H. ‘The Illusion of Limited War: Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg's Calculated Risk, July 1914’. Central European History, Vol. 2, No. 1 (March, 1969), pp. 48-76.

Jenkins, Roy. Churchill. London; Pan Macmillan Ltd, 2001.

Joll, James. The Origins of the First World War. London; Routledge, 1984.

Joll, James. The Unspoken Assumptions; an Inaugural Lecture Delivered 25 April 1968, the London School of Economics and Political Science. London; Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968.

Jones, Edgar. ‘The Psychology of Killing: The Combat Experience of British Soldiers during the First World War’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 41, No. 2 (Apr., 2006), pp. 229-246.

Kaiser, David E. ‘Germany and the Origins of the First World War’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 55, No. 3 (Sep., 1983), pp. 442-474.

Kaldis, William Peter. ‘Background for Conflict: Greece, Turkey, and the Aegean Islands, 1912-1914’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 51, No. 2, On Demand Supplement (Jun., 1979), pp. D1119-D1146.

Kane, Brendan. The Politics and Culture of Honor in Britain and Ireland, 1541-1641. Chicago; University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Kedourie, Elie. ‘The End of the Ottoman Empire’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1918-19: From War to Peace (Oct.,1968), pp. 19-28.

Kennedy, Paul. ‘Chapter 11: HMS Dreadnought and the Tides of History’ in The Dreadnought and the Edwardian Age (ed.) Andrew D. Lambert, Robert J. Blyth, Jan Rüger. Surrey, 2011; pp. 213-239.

Kettenacker, Lothar. ‘Chapter 12: Great Britain Declaring War as a Matter of Honor’ in The Legacies of Two World Wars: European Societies in the Twentieth Century (ed.) Lothar Kettenacker and Torsten Riotte. New York, 2011; pp. 168-185.

Kier, Elizabeth. ‘Culture and Military Doctrine: France between the Wars’. International Security, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Spring, 1995), pp. 65-93.

Lambert, Nicholas A. ‘British Naval Policy, 1913-1914: Financial Limitation and Strategic Revolution’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 67, No. 3 (Sep., 1995), pp. 595-626.

Lammers, Donald. ‘Arno Mayer and the British Decision for War: 1914’. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2 (May, 1973), pp. 137-165.

Lebow, Richard Ned. ‘Agency versus Structure in A. J. P. Taylor's: Origins of the First World War’. The International History Review, Vol. 23, No. 1 (March, 2001), pp. 51-72.

Lebow, Richard Ned. ‘Fear, Interest and Honor: Outlines of a Theory of International Relations’. International Affairs, Vol. 82, No. 3 (May, 2006), pp. 431-448.

Levine, Louis. ‘Pan-Slavism and European Politics’. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Dec., 1914), pp. 664-686.

Levy, Jack S., Christensen, Thomas J. and Trachtenberg, Marc. ‘Mobilization and Inadvertence in the July Crisis’. International Security, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Summer, 1991), pp. 189-203.

Levy, Jack S. and Mabe, William F. ‘Politically Motivated Opposition to War’. International Studies Review, Vol. 6, No. 4, The Construction and Cumulation of Knowledge in International Relations (Dec., 2004), pp. 65-83.

Lewis, Bernard. ‘Some Reflections on the Decline of the Ottoman Empire’. Studia Islamica, No. 9 (1958), pp. 111-127.

Loughran, Tracy. ‘A Crisis of Masculinity? Re-writing the History of Shell-shock and Gender in First World War Britain’. History Compass, Vol. 11, No. 9 (2013), pp. 727–738.

Lovell, Julia. The Opium War: Drugs, Dreams and the Making of China. London; Routledge, 2011.

Lloyd George, David. War Memoirs Vol 1. London; I. Nicholson & Watson, 1933.

Lloyd George, Frances. The Years That Are Past. London; Hutchinson, 1967.

Lynn-Jones, Sean M. ‘Détente and Deterrence: Anglo-German Relations, 1911-1914’. International Security, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Fall, 1986), pp. 121-150.

Managan, J. A. Manliness and Morality: Middle-class Masculinity in Britain and America, 1800-1940. Manchester; Manchester University Press, 1990.

Marquis, Alice Goldfarb. ‘Words as Weapons: Propaganda in Britain and Germany during the First World War’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 13, No. 3. (July, 1978), pp. 467-498.

Massie, Robert K. Dreadnought: Britain, Germany, and the Coming of the Great War. New York; Head of Zeus, 1991.

Maurer, John H. ‘Arms Control and the Anglo-German Naval Race before World War I: Lessons for Today?’ Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 112, No. 2 (Summer, 1997), pp. 285-306.

Maurer, John H. ‘The Anglo-German Naval Rivalry and Informal Arms Control, 1912-1914’. The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 36, No. 2 (June, 1992), pp. 284-308.

McEwen, J. M. ‘Northcliffe and Lloyd George at War, 1914-1918’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 24, No. 3 (Sept, 1981), pp. 651-672.

McEwen, J. M. ‘The National Press during the First World War: Ownership and Circulation’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul., 1982), pp. 459-486.

McEwen, J. M. ‘The Press and the Fall of Asquith’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec., 1978), pp. 863-883.

McGeoch, Lyle A. ‘On the Road to War: British Foreign Policy in Transition, 1905-1906’. The Review of Politics, Vol. 35, No. 2 (Apr., 1973), pp. 204-218.

McKernan, Luke. ‘Propaganda, Patriotism and Profit: Charles Urban and British Official War Films in America during the First World War’. Film History, Vol. 14, No. 3/4, War and Militarism (2002), pp. 369-389.

McLean, D. ‘English Radicals, Russia, and the Fate of Persia 1907-1913’. The English Historical Review, Vol. 93, No. 367 (Apr., 1978), pp. 338-352.

McMeekin, Sean. July 1914. New York; Basic Books, 2014.

Melancon, Glenn. ‘Honor in Opium? The British Declaration of War on China, 1839-1840’. The International History Review, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec, 1999), pp. 855-874.

Moll, Kenneth L. ‘Politics, Power, and Panic: Britain's 1909 Dreadnought `Gap'’. Military Affairs, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Autumn, 1965), pp. 133-144.

Mombauer, Annika (eds). The Origins of the First World War – Diplomatic and Military Documents. Manchester; Manchester University Press, 2013.

Morgan, Kenneth O. ‘Lloyd George and Germany’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Sep., 1996), pp. 755-766.

Morris, A.J.A. C P Trevelyan 1870-1958, Portrait of a Radical. Belfast; Blackstaff Press, 1977.

Mortimer, Joanne Stafford. ‘Commercial Interests and German Diplomacy in the Agadir Crisis. The Historical Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1967), pp. 440-456.

Mueller, John. ‘Changing Attitudes towards War: The Impact of the First World War’. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan, 1991), pp. 1-28.

Murray, John A. ‘Foreign Policy Debated: Sir Edward Grey and His Critics, 1911-1912’, in Lillian Parker Wallace and William C. Askew, eds, Power, Public Opinion, and Diplomacy (Durham, N.C, 1959), pp. 140-171.

Nair, Janaki. ‘Imperial Reason’, National Honour and New Patriarchal Compacts in Early Twentieth-Century India’. History Workshop Journal, Vol. 66, No. 1 (2008), pp. 208-226.

Navari, Cornelia. ‘The Great Illusion Revisited: The International Theory of Norman Angell’. Review of International Studies, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct., 1989), pp. 341-358.

Neilson, Francis. ‘Secret Diplomacy’. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Oct., 1956), pp. 25-42.

Neilson, Keith. ‘Greatly Exaggerated': The Myth of the Decline of Great Britain before 1914’. The International History Review, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Nov, 1991), pp. 695-725.

Neilson, Keith. ‘My Beloved Russians': Sir Arthur Nicolson and Russia, 1906-1916’. The International History Review, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Nov., 1987), pp. 521-554.

Newton, Douglas. The Darkest Days: The Truth Behind Britain’s Rush to War, 1914. London; Verso Publishing, 2014.

Nicolson, Harold. ‘The Origins and Development of the Anglo-French Entente’. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944), Vol. 30, No. 4 (Oct, 1954), pp. 407-416.

Nye, Robert A. ‘Western Masculinities in War and Peace’. The American Historical Review, Vol. 112, No. 2 (Apr., 2007), pp. 417-438.

Offer, Avner. ‘Going to War in 1914: A Matter of Honor?’. Politics and Society, Vol. 23, No. 2 (June, 1995), pp. 213-241.

Olsen, Stephanie. Juvenile Nation: Youth, Emotions and the Making of the Modern British Citizen, 1880-1914. London; Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, 2014.

Otte, T. G. ‘”Avenge England's Dishonor”: By-Elections, Parliament and the Politics of Foreign Policy in 1898’. The English Historical Review, Vol. 121, No. 491 (Apr., 2006), pp. 385-428.

Otte, T. G. ‘Détente 1914: Sir William Tyrrell's Secret Mission To Germany’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 56, No. 01 (March 2013), pp 175 – 204.

Otte, T. G. July Crisis. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Otte, T. G. ‘Chapter 12: ‘We are Part of the Community of Europe’: The Tories, Empire and Foreign Policy, 1871-1914’ in The Tory World: Deep History and the Tory Theme in British Foreign Policy, 1679-2014 (ed.) Jeremy Black. Surrey; Routledge, 2015.

Paddock, Troy R E (ed). A Call to Arms: Propaganda, Public Opinion, and Newspapers in the Great War. London; Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004.

Papayoanou, Paul A. ‘Interdependence, Institutions, and the Balance of Power: Britain, Germany, and World War I’. International Security, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Spring, 1996), pp. 42-76.

Parry, Jonathan. The Politics of Patriotism: English Liberalism, National Identity and Europe, 1830-1886. New York; Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Pitt-Rivers, Julian. ‘Chapter One: Honor and Social Status’, pp. 20-77. In Honor and Shame: The Values of Mediterranean Society (ed.) Peristiany, John G. Chicago; University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Porritt, Edward. ‘The British Labour Party in 1910’. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Jun., 1910), pp. 297-316.

Proctor, Tammy M. ‘On My Honour: Guides and Scouts in Interwar Britain’. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series, Vol. 92, No. 2 (2002), full book.

Pryke, Sam. ‘The Popularity of Nationalism in the Early British Boy Scout Movement’. Social History, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Oct., 1998), pp. 309-324.

Quinault, Roland. ‘Churchill and Democracy’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 11 (2001), pp. 201-220

Renzi, William A. ‘Great Britain, Russia, and the Straits, 1914-1915’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 42, No. 1 (March, 1970), pp. 1-20.

Robbins, Keith. A Biography of Lord Grey of Fallodon. London; LCassel, 1971.

Rossi, John P. ‘Catholic Opinion on the Eastern Question, 1876-1878’, Church History, Vol. 51, No. 1 (Mar., 1982), pp. 54-70.

Rotenstreich, Nathan. ‘On Shame’. The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. 19, No. 1 (Sept, 1965), pp. 55-86.

Rothwell, V. H. ‘Mesopotamia in British War Aims, 1914-1918’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 13, No. 2 (June, 1970), pp. 273-294.

Rüger, Jan. The Great Naval Game: Britain and Germany in the Age of Empire. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Saul, Nigel. For Honor and Fame: Chivalry in England 1066-1500. London; Pimlico, 2012.

Schmitt, Bernadotte E. ‘The Bosnian Annexation Crisis (I)’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 9, No. 26 (Dec., 1930), pp. 312-334.

Schmitt, Bernadotte E. ‘The Bosnian Annexation Crisis (II)’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 9, No. 27 (Mar., 1931), pp. 650-661.

Schmitt, Bernadotte E. ‘The Bosnian Annexation Crisis (III)’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 10, No. 28 (Jun., 1931), pp. 161-171.

Schreuder, Deryck. ‘Gladstone as "Troublemaker": Liberal Foreign Policy and the German Annexation of Alsace Lorraine, 1870-1871’. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Spring, 1978), pp. 106-135.

Shoemaker, Robert. ‘Male Honor and the Decline of Public Violence in Eighteenth-Century London’. Social History, Vol. 26, No. 2 (May, 2001), pp. 190-208.

Sieveking, A. Forbes. ‘Duelling and Militarism’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 11 (1917), pp. 165-184.

Silbey, David. The British Working Class and Enthusiasm for War, 1914-1916. London; Routledge, 2004.

Sked, Alan. ‘Historians, the Nationality Question, and the Downfall of the Habsburg Empire’. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 31 (1981), pp. 175-193.

Smith, Harold. ‘World War I and British Left Wing Intellectuals: The Case of Leonard T. Hobhouse’. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Winter, 1973), pp. 261-273.

Spring, D. W. ‘Russia and the Franco-Russian Alliance, 1905-14: Dependence or Interdependence?’ The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 66, No. 4 (Oct., 1988), pp. 564-592.

Spring, D. W. ‘The Trans-Persian Railway Project and Anglo-Russian Relations, 1909-14’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 54, No. 1 (Jan, 1976), pp. 60-82.

Springhall, John. ‘Baden-Powell and the Scout Movement before 1920: Citizen Training or Soldiers of the Future?’ The English Historical Review, Vol. 102, No. 405 (Oct., 1987), pp. 934-942.

Steinberg, Jonathan. ‘The Kaiser's Navy and German Society’. Past & Present, No. 28 (Jul., 1964), pp. 102-110.

Steiner, Zara. ‘Grey, Hardinge and the Foreign Office, 1906-1910’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1967), pp. 415-439.

Stevenson, David ‘Battlefield or Barrier? Rearmament and Military Planning in Belgium, 1902-1914’. The International History Review, Vol. 29, No. 3 (Sep., 2007), pp. 473-507.

Stevenson, David. ‘Militarization and Diplomacy in Europe before 1914’. International Security, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Summer, 1997), pp. 125-161.

Stubbs, John O. ‘Beaverbrook as Historian: "Politicians and the War, 1914-1916" Reconsidered’. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3/4 (Autumn, 1982- Winter, 1998), pp. 235-253.

Sweet, David W. ‘The Baltic in British Diplomacy before the First World War’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Sep., 1970), pp. 451-490.

Taylor, Philip M. ‘The Foreign Office and British Propaganda during the First World War’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Dec., 1980), pp. 875-898.

Temperley, Harold. ‘British Secret Diplomacy from Canning to Grey’. Cambridge Historical Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1 (1938), pp. 1-32.

Thomas, Mary Elizabeth. ‘Anglo-Belgian Military Relations and the Congo Question, 1911-1913’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Jun., 1953), pp. 157-165.

Trachtenberg, Mark. ‘The Meaning of Mobilization in 1914’. International Security, Vol. 15, No. 3 (Winter, 1990-1991), pp. 120-150.

Turner, L. C. F. ‘The Russian Mobilization in 1914’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan., 1968), pp. 65-88.

Valone, Stephen J. "There Must Be Some Misunderstanding": Sir Edward Grey's Diplomacy of August 1, 1914’. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Oct., 1988), pp. 405-424.

Van Evera, Stephen. ‘The Cult of the Offensive and the Origins of the First World War’. International Security, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Summer, 1984), pp. 58-107.

Van Evera, Stephen. ‘Why Cooperation Failed in 1914’, World Politics, Vol. 38, No. 1 (Oct., 1985), pp. 80-117.

Vasquez, John A. ‘Distinguishing Rivals That Go to War from Those That Do Not: A Quantitative Comparative Case Study of the Two Paths to War’. International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 4 (Dec., 1996), pp. 531-558.

Wachman, Alan M. ‘Does the Diplomacy of Shame Promote Human Rights in China?’ Third World Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 2 (April, 2001), pp. 257-281.

Walters, Eurof. ‘Franco-Russian Discussions on the Partition of Austria-Hungary, 1899’. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 28, No. 70 (Nov., 1949), pp. 184-192.

Warren, Allen. ‘Sir Robert Baden-Powell, the Scout Movement and Citizen Training in Great Britain, 1900-1920’. The English Historical Review, Vol. 101, No. 399 (Apr., 1986), pp. 376-398.

Wasti, Syed Tanvir. ‘The 1912-13 Balkan Wars and the Siege of Edirne’. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 40, No. 4 (Jul., 2004), pp. 59-78.

Wawro, Geoffrey. A Mad Catastrophe: The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire. New York; Basic Books, 2014.

Welch, David & Fox, Jo (ed). Justifying War: Propaganda, Politics and the Modern Age. Hampshire; Palgrave MacMillan UK, 2012.

Weinroth, Howard. ‘Norman Angell and the Great Illusion: An Episode in Pre-1914 Pacifism’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Sep., 1974), pp. 551-574.

Wikan, Unni. ‘Shame and Honor: A Contestable Pair’. Man, New Series, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Dec, 1984), pp. 635-652.

Williams, Beryl J. ‘The Strategic Background to the Anglo-Russian Entente of August 1907’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 9, No. 3 (1966), pp. 360-373

Williamson Jr, Samuel R. and May, Ernest R. ‘An Identity of Opinion: Historians and July 1914’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 79, No. 2 (June 2007), pp. 335-387.

Williamson Jr, Samuel R. ‘German Perceptions of the Triple Entente after 1911: Their Mounting Apprehensions Reconsidered’. Foreign Policy Analysis, Vol. 7, No. 1 (2011), pp. 205–214.

Winter, Jay & Prost, Antoine. The Great War in History: Debates and Controversies, 1914 to the Present. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Wilson, Keith M. ‘The British Cabinet's Decision for War, 2 August 1914’. British Journal of International Studies, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Jul., 1975), pp. 148-159.

Wilson, Keith M. ‘The Foreign Office and the 'Education' of Public Opinion before the First World War’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 26, No. 2 (June, 1983), pp. 403-411

Wilson, Keith M. ‘Imperial Interests in the British Decision for War, 1914: The Defence of India in Central Asia’. Review of International Studies, Vol. 10, No. 3 (Jul., 1984), pp. 189-203.

Wilson, Keith M. ‘To the Western Front: British War Plans and the 'Military Entente' with France before the First World War’. British Journal of International Studies, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Jul., 1977), pp. 151-168.

Wilson, Keith M. ‘Understanding the 'Misunderstanding' of 1 August 1914’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Dec., 1994), pp. 885-889.

Wohlforth, William C. ‘The Perception of Power: Russia in the Pre-1914 Balance’. World Politics, Vol. 39, No. 3 (Apr., 1987), pp. 353-381.

Young, Harry F. ‘The Misunderstanding of August 1, 1914’. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 48, No. 4 (Dec., 1976), pp. 644-665.

 

 1916 Rising Miniseries

Bibliography. 

Where possible, every attempt has been made to give credit to the author/historian. I am indebted to the following works, without which the 1916 Miniseries would never have gone ahead. If you wish to inquire about any of them, please contact me with any questions you may have, I'd be happy to help where I can. The following the list has been exhaustively constructed, so I hope it will be useful to you if you ever decide to do such a project as this one. 

 

Academic Articles; (downloaded from JSTOR.org with membership access).

·         Beiner, Guy. ‘Between Trauma and Triumphalism: The Easter Rising, the Somme, and the Crux of Deep Memory in Modern Ireland’. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 46, No. 2 (April 2007), pp. 366-389.
 

 

·         Bhreathneach-Lynch, Síghle. ‘Revisionism, the Rising, and Representation’. New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring, 1999), pp. 82-96.

 

·         Boyce, David G. ‘British Opinion, Ireland, and the War, 1916-1918’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Sep., 1974), pp. 575-593.

 

·         Campbell, Malcolm. ‘Emigrant Responses to War and Revolution, 1914-21: Irish Opinion in the United States and Australia’. Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 32, No. 125 (May, 2000), pp. 75-92.

 

·         Chandler, James. ‘Cinema, History, and the Politics of Style: Michael Collins and The Wind that Shakes the Barley’. Field Day Review, Vol. 7 (2011), pp. 102-121.

 

·         Chapman, Wayne K. ‘Joyce and Yeats: Easter 1916 and the Great War’. New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Winter, 2006), pp. 137-151.

 

·         Fitzsimons, Andrew. ‘The Sea of Disappointment: Thomas Kinsella's 'Nightwalker' and the New Ireland’. Irish University Review, Vol. 36, No. 2 (Autumn - Winter, 2006), pp. 335-352.

 

·         Foster, John Wilson. ‘Yeats and the Easter Rising’. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jun., 1985), pp. 21-34.

 

·         Garvin, Tom. ‘The Anatomy of a Nationalist Revolution: Ireland, 1858-1928’. Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 1986), pp. 468-501.

 

·         Heaney, James. ‘Chesterton, Pearse, and the Blood Sacrifice Theory of the 1916 Rising’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 103, No. 411, "RELIGIOUS FREEDOM" in the 21stCentury (Autumn 2014), pp. 307-317.

 

·         Kerrane, Kevin. ‘Orwell's Ireland’. The Irish Review (1986-), No. 36/37 (Winter, 2007), pp. 14-32.

 

·         Kinsella, Sean. ‘The Cult of Violence and the Revolutionary Tradition in Ireland’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 83, No. 329 (Spring, 1994), pp. 20-29.

 

·         Krause, David. ‘Connolly and Pearse: The Triumph of Failure?’ New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 3, No. 4 (Winter, 1999), pp. 56-84.

 

·         Martin, F. X. ‘Easter 1916: An Inside Report on Ulster’. Clogher Record, Vol. 12, No. 2 (1986), pp. 192-208.

 

·         Martin, F. X. ‘1916: Myth, Fact, and Mystery’. Studia Hibernica, No. 7 (1967), pp. 7-126.

 

·         Martin, F. X. ‘The 1916 Rising: A "Coup d'État" or a 'Bloody Protest'? Studia Hibernica, No. 8 (1968), pp. 106-137.

 

·         Maume, Patrick. ‘Fr Francis Shaw and the Historiography of Easter 1916’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 103, No. 412, THE JESUITS IN IRELAND: Before and After the Suppression (Winter 2014/15), pp. 530-551.

 

·         McConnel, James. 'Jobbing with Tory and Liberal': Irish Nationalists and the Politics of Patronage 1880-1914’. Past & Present, No. 188 (Aug., 2005), pp. 105-131.

 

·         Moody, T. W. ‘Michael Davitt in Penal Servitude 1870-1877’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 31, No. 121 (Mar., 1942), pp. 16-30.

 

·         Moody, T. W. ‘Michael Davitt and the 'Pen' Letter’. Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 4, No. 15 (Mar., 1945), pp. 224-253.

 

·         Moody, T. W. ‘Michael Davitt, 1846-1906: A Survey and Appreciation’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 35, No. 138 (Jun., 1946), pp. 199-208.

 

·         Moody, T. W. ‘Michael Davitt, 1846-1906: A Survey and Appreciation Part II: 1881-90’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 35, No. 139 (Sep., 1946), pp. 325-334.

 

·         Nugent, Joseph. ‘The Sword and the Prayerbook: Ideals of Authentic Irish Manliness’. Victorian Studies, Vol. 50, No. 4 (Summer, 2008), pp. 587-613.

 

·         O'Brien, Sean T. ‘The Prison Writing of Michael Davitt’. New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 14, No. 3 (FÓMHAR / AUTUMN2010), pp. 16-32.

 

·         Ó Ceallaigh Ritschel, Nelson. ‘James Connolly's "Under Which Flag", 1916’. New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Winter, 1998), pp. 54-68.

 

·         O'Donoghue, Florence. ‘Plans for the 1916 Rising’. University Review, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring, 1963), pp. 3-21.

 

·         O'Leary, Philip. ‘Reasoning Why after Fifty Years: The Easter Rising in Eoghan Ó Tuairisc's Dé Luain (1966)’. Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, Vol. 31 (2011), pp. 253-281.

 

·         Regan, John M. ‘Southern Irish Nationalism as a Historical Problem’. The Historical Journal, Vol. 50, No. 1 (Mar., 2007), pp. 197-223.

 

·         Stover, Justin Dolan. ‘Modern Celtic Nationalism in the Period of the Great War: Establishing Transnational Connections’. Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, Vol. 32 (2012), pp. 286-301.

 

·         Sweeney, George. ‘Irish Hunger Strikes and the Cult of Self-Sacrifice’. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 1993), pp. 421-437.

 

·         Walsh, Brendan. ‘Frankly and Robustly National': Padraig Pearse, the Gaelic League and The Campaign for Irish at the National University’. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 103, No. 410, IMAGINED COMMUNITY: Irish Identities (Summer 2014), pp. 135-146.

 

Books

·         Augusteijn, J. Patrick Pearse, the Making of a Revolutionary. London, 2010.

 

·         Douglas, R. M. Architects of the Resurrection. Manchester, 2009.

 

·         Dudley Edwards, Ruth. Patrick Pearse: The Triumph of Failure. Dublin, 2006.

 

·         Ferriter, Diarmaid. The Transformation of Ireland. London, 2005.

 

·         Foster, R. F. The Irish Story: Telling Tales and Making it Up in Ireland. London, 2002.

 

·         Foster, R. F. Vivid Faces, The Revolutionary Generation in Ireland 1890-1923. London, 2014.

 

·         Godson, Lisa & Brúck, Joanna. Making 1916: Material and Visual Culture of the Easter Rising. Liverpool, 2015.

 

·         Hopkinson, Michael. Green Against Green. Dublin, 1988.

 

·         Lydon, James. The Making of Ireland, from Ancient Times to the Present. London, 1998.

 

·         McCarthy, Mark. Ireland's 1916 Rising: Explorations of History-Making, Commemoration & Heritage in Modern Times. Dublin, 2016.

 

·         McGarry, Fearghail. The Rising: IrelandEaster 1916. New York, 2010.

 

·         Moran, Sean Farrell. Patrick Pearse and the Politics of Redemption, the Mind of the Easter Rising 1916. Dublin, 1997.

 

·         Myers, Kevin. Ireland’s Great War. Dublin, 2014.

 

·         Neeson, Eoin. The Civil War 1922-23. Dublin, 1966.

 

·         O’Donnell, Rúan. The Impact of the 1916 Rising: Among the Nations. Dublin, 2008.

 

·         Pearse, Patrick. The Murder Machine and Other Essays. Dublin, 1976.

 

·         Richardson, Neil. According to Their Lights: Stories of Irishman in the British Army, Easter 1916. New York, 2015.

 

·         Stewart, A.T.Q. The Shape of Irish History. Belfast, 2001.

 

·         Yeats, Pádraig. A City in Turmoil: Dublin 1919-1921. Dublin, 2012.

 

·         Wills, Claire. GPO Dublin. London, 2009.

 

Documentaries Referenced/Used; (most found on YouTube, some on TV3/RTE).

·         Trial of the Century, 3 parts. ©TV3 2016

 

·         Patrick Pearse: Fanatical Heart.

 

·         1916, 3 parts. ©RTÉ 2016

 

·         Rebellion, 5 part documentary. ©RTÉ 2016

 

·         Age of Ireland, 5 parts.

 

Primary Sources

Bureau of Military History Archives; est. 1947. Available since 2003 and now digitised for free access at http://www.bureauofmilitaryhistory.ie/ Last accessed 15/6/2016.

 

Music

·         Recordings of Anna Smith on flute playing self-titled tunes renamed for copyright purposes.

 

 

·         Patrick Cassidy; album 1916 The Irish Rebellion. ©2016 Universal Music Ireland Ltd. All credits have been given to the original artists wherever possible. 

Thirty Years War Series

Complete bibliography of sources used/cited/referenced during thirty years war special:

·         Peter Padfield, Armada (Victor Gollancz LTD; 1988).

·         Vincent J. Pitts, Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age (JHU Press; 2012).

·         Geoffrey Parker, Europe in Crisis 1598-1648 (Fontanna Press; 1990).

·         Geoffrey Parker, The Thirty Years War (Routledge, 1984).

·         Edward Barton and Edwin Pears, “The Spanish Armada and the Ottoman Porte”, The English Historical Review, Vol. 8, No. 31 (Jul., 1993), pp. 439-466.

·         Matthew Dimmock, New Turks: Dramatizing Islam and the Ottomans in Early Modern England (Ashgate Publishing; 2005).

·         Hiram Morgan, Tyrone's Rebellion: The Outbreak of the Nine Years War in Tudor Ireland (Boydell Press; 1999).

·         Brendan Fitzpatrick, Seventeenth-century Ireland: The War of Religions (Rowman and Littlefield; 1989).

·         Richard Bonney, The Thirty Years War 1618-1648 (Osprey Publishing; 2002).

·         Mieczysław B. Biskupski, The History of Poland (Greenwood Publishing Group; 2000).

·         Brennan Purcell, The Winter King (Ashgate Publishing Company, 2003).

·         William P. Guthrie, The Later Thirty Years War: From the Battle of Wittstock to the Treaty of Westphalia (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003).

·         Paul Sonnino, Mazarin's Quest: The Congress of Westphalia and the Coming of the Fronde (Harvard University Press, 2009).

·         David Maland, Europe at War 1600-1650 (Macmillan Press Ltd, 1980).

·         Derek Croxton, Peacemaking in Early Modern Europe (Associated University Presses Inc, 1999).

·         Charles W. Ingrao, The Habsburg Monarchy, 1618–1815 (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

·         Ekaterina Porshnev, Muscovy and Sweden in the Thirty Years’ War 1630-1635 (Cambridge University Press, 1995).

·         Geoff Mortimer, Wallenstein: the Enigma of the Thirty Years War (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).

·         Georges Pages, The Thirty Years War 1618-1648 (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1970),

·         C.V. Wedgewood, The Thirty Years War (London: Pimlico, 1992).

·         J.H. Elliot, Imperial Spain 1469-1716 (Penguin, 2002).

·         J.H. Elliot, The Revolt of the Catalans (Cambridge University Press, 1984).

·         J.H. Elliot, Spain and its World 1500-1700 (Penguin, 1989).

·         James Patrick, Renaissance and Reformation, Volume 6 (Marshall Cavendish, 2007).

·         Peter H. Wilson, Europe’s Tragedy: a History of the Thirty Years War (Penguin Books Ltd, 2009).

·         Ronald Asch, The Thirty Years War, the Holy Roman Empire and Europe, 1618-1648 (Macmillan Press Ltd, 1997).

The Korean War Series

Websites

For audio/radio clips/vintage music I used the following websites. All rights owned by original producers, I do not own any of these following pieces, but all are freely available and open for distribution under terms of Fair Use.

Free Information Society: http://www.freeinfosociety.com/media_index.php?cat=8&type=3

Archive.org: https://archive.org/details/audio

Free Music Archive: http://freemusicarchive.org/genre/Old-Time__Historic/

Manuscript of Douglas MacArthur’s 19th April 1951 speech: https://web.archive.org/web/20100501183626/http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/sfeature/macspeech05.html

Books

Allen, Richard C. Korea's Syngman Rhee: An Unauthorized Portrait. Vermont, 2016.

Armstrong, Charles K. The North Korean Revolution, 1945–1950. London, 2013.

Barker, A J. Fortune Favours the Brave: The Battles of the Hook in Korea 1952-53. South Yorkshire, 2002.

Barnes, Robert. The US, the UN and the Korean War: Communism in the Far East and the American Struggle for Hegemony in America's Cold War. London, 2014.

Bostdorff, Denise. Proclaiming the Truman Doctrine: The Cold War Call to Arms. Texas, 2008.

Buzo, Adrian. The Guerrilla Dynasty: Politics and Leadership in North Korea. New York, 1999.

Cagle, Malcolm W. and Mason, Frank A. The Sea War in Korea. Annapolis, 1957.

Catchpole, Brian. The Korean War. London, 2000.

Cho, Soon Sung. Korea in World Politics, 1940-1950: An Evaluation of American Responsibility. California, 1967.

Cummings, Bruce. The Korean War: A History. London, 2010.

Edwards, Paul M. United Nations Participants in the Korean War: The Contributions of 45 Member Countries. London, 2013.

Feldman, Ruth Tenzer. The Korean War. Minneapolis, 2004.

Fried, Richard M. Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective. 1990, Oxford.

Futrell, Robert. The United States Air Force in Korea. New York, 1961.

Gordenker, Leon. The United Nations and the Peaceful Unification of Korea: The Politics of Field Operations, 1947–1950. The Hague, 2012.

Halberstam, David. The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War. London, 2011.

Hammond, Paul Y. "NSC 68: Prologue to Rearmament," in Warner R. Schilling, Paul Y. Hammond, and Glenn H. Snyder (eds.) Strategy, Politics and Defence Budgets. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962, pp. 351-363.

Hastings, Max. The Korean War. London, 1987.

Hickey, Michael. Korean War: The West Confronts Communism 1950-1953. London, 1999.

Jones, Howard. "A New Kind of War": America's Global Strategy and the Truman Doctrine in Greece. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Lanʹkov, Andreĭ Nikolaevich. From Stalin to Kim Il-Sung: The Formation of North Korea, 1945-1960. London, 2002.

Lee, Bong. The Unfinished War: Korea. New York, 2003.

Lowe, Peter. The Origins of the Korean War: Second Edition. London, 2014.

Offner, Arnold A. Another Such Victory: President Truman and the Cold War, 1945-1953. Stanford, 2002.

Pak, Chi Young. Korea and the United Nations. London, 2000.

Parritt, Brian. Chinese Hordes and Human Waves: A Personal Perspective of the Korean War 1950-53. South Yorkshire, 2014.

Salmon, Andrew. Scorched Earth, Black Snow: Britain and Australia in the Korean War, 1950. London, 2011.

Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: No Victors, No Vanquished. Kentucky, 2015.

Scott, George. The Rise and Fall of the League of Nations. London, 1973.

Szalontai, Balázs. Kim Il-Sung in the Khrushchev Era: Soviet-DPRK Relations and the Roots of North Korean Despotism, 1953-1964. California, 2005.

Sohn, Won Tai. Kim Il Sung and Korea's Struggle: An Unconventional First-hand History. North Carolina, 2003.

Spalding, Elizabeth. The First Cold Warrior: Harry Truman, Containment, and the Remaking of Liberal Internationalism. University of Kentucky Press, 2006.

Stueck, William (eds). Korean War in World History. Kentucky, 2004.

Stueck, William. Rethinking the Korean War: A New Diplomatic and Strategic History. Princeton, 2013.

Thornton, Richard C. Odd Man Out: Truman, Stalin, Mao and the Origins of the Korean War. Virginia, 2000.

Truman, Harry S. Memoirs, vol. 2, Years of Trial and Hope. New York, 1956.

Articles

Agov, Avram, ‘North Korea's Alliances and the Unfinished Korean War’, The Journal of Korean Studies (1979-), Vol. 18, No. 2, THEMATIC ISSUE: THE ENDOF WAR? THE KOREAN ARMISTICE AFTER SIXTY YEARS (fall 2013), pp. 225-262.

Bernstein, Barton J., ‘New Light on the Korean War’, The International History Review, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 256-277.

Barnes, Robert, ‘Between the Blocs: India, the United Nations, and Ending the Korean War’, The Journal of Korean Studies (1979-), Vol. 18, No. 2, THEMATIC ISSUE: THE ENDOF WAR? THE KOREAN ARMISTICE AFTER SIXTY YEARS (fall 2013), pp. 263-286.

Boose Jr, Donald W., ‘Fighting while Talking: The Korean War Truce Talks’, OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 14, No. 3, The Korean War (Spring, 2000), pp. 25-29.

Casey, Steven, ‘White House Publicity Operations during the Korean War, June 1950-June 1951’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Dec., 2005), pp. 691-717.

Christensen, Thomas J., ‘Threats, Assurances, and the Last Chance for Peace: The Lessons of Mao's Korean War Telegrams’, International Security, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Summer, 1992), pp. 122-154

Dingman, Roger, ‘Atomic Diplomacy during the Korean War’, International Security, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Winter, 1988-1989), pp. 50-91

Dingman, Roger, ‘John Foster Dulles and the Creation of the South-East Asia Treaty Organization in 1954’, The International History Review, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Aug., 1989), pp. 457-477.

Dockrill, M. L., ‘The Foreign Office, Anglo-American Relations and the Korean War, June 1950-June 1951’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 62, No.3 (Summer, 1986), pp. 459-476.

Endicott, Stephen L. ‘Germ Warfare and "Plausible Denial": The Korean War, 1952-1953’, Modern China, Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jan., 1979), pp. 79-104.

Fishel, Wesley R., ‘Japan under Macarthur: Retrospect and Prospect’, The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Jun., 1951), pp. 210-225.

Fisher, Louis, ‘The Korean War: On What Legal Basis Did Truman Act?’, The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 89, No. 1 (Jan., 1995), pp. 21-39

Friedman, Edward, ‘Nuclear Blackmail and the End of the Korean War’, Modern China, Vol. 1, No. 1 (Jan., 1975), pp. 75-91.

Goodrich, Leland M., ‘The United Nations and the Korean War: A Case Study’, Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science, Vol. 25, No. 2, United Nations: Success or Failure? (Jan., 1953), pp. 90-104.

Gupta, Karunakar, ‘How Did the Korean War Begin?’, The China Quarterly, No. 52 (Oct. - Dec., 1972), pp. 699-716.

Hajimu, Masuda, ‘Fear of World War III: Social Politics of Japan's Rearmament and Peace Movements, 1950—3’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 47, No. 3 (JULY 2012), pp. 551-571.

Jessup, Philip C., ‘The Record of Wake Island--A Correction’, The Journal of American History, Vol. 67, No. 4 (Mar., 1981), pp. 866-870.

Jervis, Robert, ‘The Impact of the Korean War on the Cold War’, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 24, No. 4 (Dec., 1980), pp. 563-592.

Gabroussenko, Tatiana, ‘From Developmentalist to Conservationist Criticism: The New Narrative of South Korea in North Korean Propaganda’, The Journal of Korean Studies (1979-), Vol. 16, No. 1 (spring 2011), pp. 27-61.

Lee, Chong-Sik, ‘Politics in North Korea: Pre-Korean War Stage’, The China Quarterly, No. 14 (Apr. - Jun., 1963), pp. 3-16.

Lippe, John M. Vander, ‘Forgotten Brigade of the Forgotten War: Turkey's Participation in the Korean War’, Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Jan., 2000), pp. 92-102.

Kim, Jibum; Gershenson, Carl; Jeong, Jaeki and Tom W. Smith, ‘Trends: How Americans Think about North Korea: 2000-2007’, The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 72, No. 4 (Winter, 2008), pp. 804-821

Lutzker, Michael A., ‘Presidential Decision Making in the Korean War: The British Perspective’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4, Intricacies of U.S. Foreign Policy (Fall, 1996), pp. 978-995.

Matray, James I., ‘Mixed Message: The Korean Armistice Negotiations at Kaesong’, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 81, No. 2 (May 2012), pp. 221-244.

Matray, James I., ‘Truman's Plan for Victory: National Self-Determination and the Thirty-Eighth Parallel Decision in Korea’, The Journal of American History, Vol. 66, No. 2 (Sep., 1979), pp. 314-333.

McGibbon, Ian, ‘New Zealand's Intervention in the Korean War, June-July 1950’, The International History Review, Vol. 11, No. 2 (May, 1989), pp. 272-290

Medhurst, Martin J., ‘Text and Context in the 1952 Presidential Campaign: Eisenhower's "I Shall Go to Korea" Speech’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Sep., 2000), pp. 464-484.

Millet, Allan R., ‘Introduction to the Korean War’, The Journal of Military History, Vol. 65, No. 4 (Oct., 2001), pp. 921-935.

Mitchell, Clyde C., ‘Political and Economic Significance of the Korean War’, International Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4 (Autumn, 1950), pp. 299-303.

O’Neill, Mark, ‘Soviet Involvement in the Korean War: A New View from the Soviet-Era Archives’, OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 14, No. 3, The Korean War (Spring, 2000), pp. 20-24.

Nakajima, Mineao, ‘The Sino-Soviet Confrontation: Its Roots in the International Background of the Korean War’, The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, No. 1 (Jan., 1979), pp. 19-47.

Park, Hong-Kyu, ‘American Involvement in the Korean War’, The History Teacher, Vol. 16, No. 2 (Feb., 1983), pp. 249-263.

Pierpaoli Jr, Paul G., ‘Truman's Other War: The Battle for the American Homefront, 1950-1953’, OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 14, No. 3, The Korean War (Spring, 2000), pp. 15-19.

Price, Thomas J. ‘Constraints on Foreign Policy Decision Making: Stability and Flexibility in Three Crises’, International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Sep., 1978), pp. 357-376.

[No author given] ‘Psychological Warfare in Korea’, The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 1 (Spring, 1951), pp. 65-75.

Ruetten, Richard T., ‘General Douglas MacArthur's "Reconnaissance in Force": The Rationalization of a Defeat in Korea’, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Feb., 1967), pp. 79-93.

Ryan, Halford Ross, ‘Harry S Truman: A Misdirected Defense for MacArthur's Dismissal’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4, Presidential Management: The Importance of Presidential Skills (Fall, 1981), pp. 576-582.

Schaller, Michael, ‘Securing the Great Crescent: Occupied Japan and the Origins of Containment in Southeast Asia’, The Journal of American History, Vol. 69, No. 2 (Sep., 1982), pp. 392-414.

Schonberger, Howard B., ‘The General and the Presidency: Douglas MacArthur and the Election of 1948’, The Wisconsin Magazine of History, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Spring, 1974), pp. 201-219.

Schonberger, Howard, ‘The Japan Lobby in American Diplomacy, 1947-1952’, Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Aug., 1977), pp. 327-359.

Stairs, Denis, ‘The United Nations and the Politics of the Korean War’, International Journal, Vol. 25, No. 2 (Spring, 1970), pp. 302-320.

Tucker, Spencer C., ‘From the Editor: Why Study the Korean War?’, OAH Magazine of History, Vol. 14, No. 3, The Korean War (Spring, 2000), pp. 3-5.

Warner, Geoffrey, ‘The Korean War’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 56, No.1 (Jan., 1980), pp. 98-107.

Williams, Justin, ‘Completing Japan's Political Reorientation, 1947-1952: Crucial Phase of the Allied Occupation’, The American Historical Review, Vol. 73, No. 5 (Jun., 1968), pp. 1454-1469.

Wiltz, John Edward, ‘The MacArthur Hearings of 1951: The Secret Testimony’, Military Affairs, Vol. 39, No. 4 (Dec., 1975), pp. 167-173.

Wiltz, John Edward, ‘Truman and MacArthur: The Wake Island Meeting’, Military Affairs, Vol. 42, No. 4 (Dec., 1978), pp. 169-176.

“X” [pseudonym for George Kennan], ‘The Sources of Soviet Conduct’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 25, No. 4 (Jul., 1947), pp. 566-582.

Yufan, Hao and Zhihai, Zhai, ‘China's Decision to Enter the Korean War: History Revisited’, The China Quarterly, No. 121 (Mar., 1990), pp. 94-115.

1956 - The Eventful Year

Complete Bibliography - for more context see original file.

-1956 Part 1: Soviet Spring-

Primary Sources

For radio transcripts during the Budapest revolution, particularly useful for episode 1.14:

https://historicaltextarchive.com/books.php?action=nextchapter&bid=13&cid=2

For texts of the minutes of high level Soviet meetings:

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB76/

The written memo ‘For Freedom and Truth’ which was left by the last minister of Nagy’s Hungarian Government on 4th November 1956:

https://en.wikisource.org/?curid=89663

The UN report on the Hungarian Revolution which was released in June 1957, and was especially useful for episode 1.15:

http://mek.oszk.hu/01200/01274/01274.pdf

For the transcript of Khrushchev’s Secret Speech:

https://www.marxists.org/archive/khrushchev/1956/02/24.htm

Secondary Sources

Books

Applebaum, Anne. Iron Curtain, the Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-1956. London, 2012.

Hall, Simon. 1956: The World in Revolt. London, 2016.

Lowe, Keith. Savage Continent: Europe in the Aftermath of World War II. London, 2013.

Sebastyen, Victor. Twelve Days: Revolution 1956, How the Hungarians Tried to Topple Their Soviet Masters. London, 2007.

Smith, Kathleen E. Moscow 1956: The Silenced Spring. London, 2017.

Zubok, Vladislav M. A Failed Empire: The Soviet Union in the Cold War from Stalin to Gorbachev. North Carolina, 2009.

Articles

Alexopoulos, Golfo, ‘Amnesty 1945: The Revolving Door of Stalin's Gulag’, Slavic Review, Vol. 64, No. 2 (Summer, 2005), pp. 274-306.

Baras, Victor, ‘Beria's Fall and Ulbricht's Survival’, Soviet Studies, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1975), pp. 381-395.

Baras, Victor, ‘Stalin's German Policy after Stalin’, Slavic Review, Vol. 37, No. 2 (Jun., 1978), pp. 259-267.

Blauvelt, Timothy, ‘Status Shift and Ethnic Mobilisation in the March 1956 Events in Georgia’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 61, No. 4 (Jun., 2009), pp. 651-668.

Bociurkiw, Bohdan R., ‘The Problem of Succession in the Soviet Political System: The Case of Khrushchev’, The Canadian Journal of Economics and Political Science / Revue canadienned' Economique et de Science politique, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Nov., 1960), pp. 575-591.

Byrnes, Robert F., ‘The Climax of Stalinism, 1950-1953’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 317, The Satellites in Eastern Europe (May, 1958), pp. 8-11.

Byrnes, Robert F., ‘Soviet Policy toward Western Europe Since Stalin’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 303, Russia Since Stalin: Old Trends and New Problems (Jan., 1956), pp. 166-178.

Carlisle, Donald S., ‘Stalin's Postwar Foreign Policy and the National Liberation Movement’, The Review of Politics, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1965), pp. 334-363.

Chamberlain, William Henry, ‘Khrushchev's War with Stalin's Ghost’, The Russian Review, Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan., 1962), pp. 3-10.

Chamberlain, William Henry, ‘The Stalin Era and Stalin's Heirs’, The Russian Review, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct., 1956), pp. 237-244.

Cohen, Stephen F., ‘Stalin's Terror As Social History’, The Russian Review, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Oct., 1986), pp. 375-384.

Conquest, Robert, ‘Stalin's Successors’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 48, No. 3 (Apr., 1970), pp. 509-524.

Cox, Terry, ‘Hungary 1956’, History Ireland, Vol. 14, No. 3 (May - Jun., 2006), pp. 38-43.

D., J., ‘Anatomy of Tyranny: Khrushchev's Attack on Stalin’, The World Today, Vol. 12, No. 7 (Jul., 1956), pp. 265-271.

Dallin, Alexander, ‘The Soviet Stake in Eastern Europe’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 317, The Satellites in Eastern Europe (May, 1958), pp. 138-145.

Deutscher, Isaac, ‘The Beria Affair’, International Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4 (Autumn, 1953), pp. 227-239.

Dobson, Miriam, ‘POWs and Purge Victims: Attitudes towards Party Rehabilitation, 1956-57’, The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 86, No. 2, The Relaunch of the Soviet Project, 1945-64 (Apr., 2008), pp. 328-345.

F. F., ‘The Fall of Beria and the Nationalities Question in the U.S.S.R.’, The World Today, Vol. 9, No. 11 (Nov., 1953), pp. 481-497.

Fainsod, Merle, ‘The Communist Party Since Stalin’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 303, Russia Since Stalin: Old Trends and New Problems (Jan., 1956), pp. 23-36.

Ginsburgs, George, ‘Structural and Functional Evolution of the Soviet Judiciary since Stalin's Death: 1953-1956’, Soviet Studies, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jan., 1962), pp. 281-302.

Gorlizki, Yoram, ‘Party Revivalism and the Death of Stalin’, Slavic Review, Vol. 54, No. 1 (Spring, 1995), pp. 1-22.

Granville, Johanna, ‘Forewarned is Forearmed: How the Hungarian Crisis of 1956 Helped the Romanian Leadership’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 62, No. 4 (June 2010), pp. 615-645.

Granville, Johanna, ‘Ulbricht in October 1956: Survival of the Spitzbart during Destalinization’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 41, No. 3 (Jul., 2006), pp. 477-502.

Granville, Johanna, ‘1956 Reconsidered: Why Hungary and Not Poland?’, The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 80, No. 4 (Oct., 2002), pp. 656-687.

Granville, Johanna, ‘Hungary, 1956: The Yugoslav Connection’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 50, No. 3 (May, 1998), pp. 493-517.

Granville, Johanna, ‘Reactions to the Events of 1956: New Findings from the Budapest and Warsaw Archives’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Apr., 2003), pp. 261-290.

Gyani, Gabor, ‘Memory and Discourse on the 1956 Hungarian Revolution’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 58, No. 8, 1956 and Its Legacy (Dec., 2006), pp. 1199-1208.

Hazard, John N, ‘Governmental Developments in the USSR Since Stalin’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 303, Russia Since Stalin: Old Trends and New Problems (Jan., 1956), pp. 11-22.

Hitchens, Christopher, ‘Hungary, Suez, and Hannah Arendt’, World Policy Journal, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Winter, 2006/2007), pp. 87-90.

Jan, George P, ‘Sino-Polish Relations, 1956–1958’, The Polish Review, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Autumn, 1961), pp. 93-106.

Kam, Henry, ‘Hungarian Who Led '56 Revolt Is Buried as a Hero’, New York Times, 17 June 1989.
Available: http://www.nytimes.com/1989/06/17/world/hungarian-who-led-56-revolt-is-buried-as-a-hero.html

Kemp-Welch, Tony, ‘Dethroning Stalin: Poland 1956 and Its Legacy’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 58, No. 8, 1956 and Its Legacy (Dec., 2006), pp. 1261-1284.

Kemp-Welch, Tony, ‘Khrushchev's 'Secret Speech' and Polish Politics: The Spring of 1956’, Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 48, No. 2 (Mar., 1996), pp. 181-206.

Khrushcheva, Nina, ‘"Rehabilitating" Stalin’, World Policy Journal, Vol. 22, No. 2 (Summer, 2005), pp. 67-73.

Kramer, Mark, ‘The Soviet Union and the 1956 Crises in Hungary and Poland: Reassessments and New Findings’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Apr., 1998), pp. 163-214.

Machcewicz, Pawel, ‘Intellectuals and Mass Movements. The Study of Political Dissent in Poland in 1956’, Contemporary European History, Vol. 6, No. 3, Theme Issue: Intellectual Life and the First Crisis of State Socialism in East Central Europe, 1953-1956 (Nov., 1997), pp. 361-382.

Marantz, Paul, ‘Internal Politics and Soviet Foreign Policy: A Case Study’, The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Mar., 1975), pp. 130-146.

Marchio, James D., ‘Risking General War in Pursuit of Limited Objectives: U.S. Military Contingency Planning for Poland in the Wake of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising’, The Journal of Military History, Vol. 66, No. 3 (Jul., 2002), pp. 783-812.

Mastny, Vojtech, ‘Stalin and the Militarization of the Cold War’, International Security, Vol. 9, No. 3 (Winter, 1984-1985), pp. 109-129.

Mosely, Philip E, ‘The Kremlin's Foreign Policy since Stalin’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Oct., 1953), pp. 20-33.

Mosely, Philip E, ‘How "New" Is the Kremlin's New Line?’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Apr., 1955), pp. 376-386.

Parry, Albert, ‘The Twentieth Congress: Stalin's "Second Funeral"’, The American Slavic and East European Review, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Dec., 1956), pp. 463-476.

Petrov, Vladimir, ‘Radio Liberation’, The Russian Review, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Apr., 1958), pp. 104-114.

Pienkos, Donald E, ‘A Look Back: Poland And The Historic Events Of 1956’, The Polish Review, Vol. 51, No. 3/4 (2006), pp. 371-374.

Rush, Myron, ‘The Khrushchev Succession Problem’, World Politics, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Jan., 1962), pp. 259-282.

S., T., ‘Khrushchev and the 'Anti-Party' Group’, The World Today, Vol. 13, No. 9 (Sep., 1957), pp. 377-388.

Salisbury, Harrison E. ‘Characteristics of Soviet Foreign Policy’, International Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Autumn, 1956), pp. 243-250.

Service, R. J., ‘The Road to the Twentieth Party Congress: An Analysis of the Events Surrounding the Central Committee Plenum of July 1953’, Soviet Studies, Vol. 33, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 232-245.

Stillman, Edmund O., ‘The Beginning of the "Thaw," 1953-1955’, The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 317, The Satellites in Eastern Europe (May, 1958), pp. 12-21.

Tucker, Robert C., ‘The Metamorphosis of the Stalin Myth’, World Politics, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Oct., 1954), pp. 38-62.

Tucker, Robert, C., ‘The Politics of Soviet De-Stalinization’, World Politics, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Jul., 1957), pp. 550-578.

W., J. F. A., ‘Malenkov's Resignation: The Abandonment of the New Course’, The World Today, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Mar., 1955), pp. 97-105.

Wolfe, Bertram D., ‘Stalin's Ghost at the Party Congress’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 34, No. 4 (Jul., 1956), pp. 554-568.

Wolfe, Bertram D, ‘The Struggle for the Soviet Succession’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Jul., 1953), pp. 548-565.

-1956 Part 2: Suez Crisis-

Primary Sources

I made extensive use of Hansard for examining Parliamentary debates. These debates can be freely accessed by the public, and a huge thanks must go to Hansard for the creation of this archive. Available: http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/sittings/1956/

I made use of two particular interviews in the Yale-UN Oral History Project which can be accessed freely below:

1)      Yale-UN Oral History Project – Geoffrey Murray by James S. Sutterlin, [Interviewer], on 10 January 1991, Ottawa, Canada. Available: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/487450/files/Murray10Jan91TRANS.pdf

2)      Yale-UN Oral History Project – Sir Donald Logan by James S. Sutterlin, [Interviewer], on 22 April, 1991, London, England. Available: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/481004/files/Logan22Apr91TRANS.pdf

Secondary Sources

Books

Crosbie, Sylvia K. A Tacit Alliance. France and Israel from Suez. New Jersey, 1974.

Rucker, Laurent Rucker, 'The Soviet Union and the Suez Crisis', in David Tal (ed.), The 1956 War, Collusion and Rivalry in the Middle East. London, 2001; pp. 65-93.

Turner, Barry. Suez 1956 – the Inside Story of the First Oil War. Hodder & Stoughten; London, 2006.

Articles

Adamthwaite, Anthony, ‘Overstretched and Overstrung: Eden, the Foreign Office and the Making of Policy, 1951-5’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 64, No.2 (Spring, 1988), pp. 241-259.

Adamthwaite, Anthony, ‘Suez Revisited’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 64, No.3 (Summer, 1988), pp. 449-464.

Azar, Edward E. ‘Conflict Escalation and Conflict Reduction in an International Crisis: Suez, 1956’, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 16, No. 2, Research Perspectives on theArab-Israeli Conflict: A Symposium (Jun., 1972), pp. 183-201.

Bar-On, Mordechai, ‘Three Days in Sèvres, October 1956’, History Workshop Journal, No. 62 (Autumn, 2006), pp. 172-186.

Beck, Peter J., ‘'The Less Said about Suez the Better': British Governments and the Politics of Suez's History, 1956-67’, The English Historical Review, Vol. 124, No. 508 (Jun., 2009), pp. 605-640.

Beck, Peter J., ‘The Lessons of Abadan and Suez for British Foreign Policymakers in the 1960s’, The Historical Journal, Vol. 49, No. 2 (Jun., 2006), pp. 525-547.

Dietl, Ralph, ‘Suez 1956: A European Intervention?’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Apr., 2008), pp. 259-278.

Dooley, Howard J., ‘Great Britain's 'Last Battle' in the Middle East: Notes on Cabinet Planning during the Suez Crisis of 1956’, The International History Review, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Aug., 1989), pp. 486-517.

Eayrs, James, ‘Canadian Policy and Opinion during the Suez Crisis’, International Journal, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Spring, 1957), pp. 97-108.

Epstein, Leon D., ‘Partisan Foreign Policy: Britain in the Suez Crisis’, World Politics, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Jan., 1960), pp. 201-224.

Finch, George A., ‘Post-Mortem on the Suez Debacle’, The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Apr., 1957), pp. 376-380.

Fraleigh, Arnold, ‘THE ALGERIAN WAR OF INDEPENDENCE’, Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting (1921-1969), Vol. 61 (APRIL 27-29, 1967), pp. 6-12.

Goodrich, Leland M. and Rosner, Gabriella E., ‘The United Nations Emergency Force’, International Organization, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Summer, 1957), pp. 413-430.

The Right Honourable Lord Owen CH, ‘The effect of Prime Minister Anthony Eden's illness on his decision-making during the Suez crisis’, QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, Volume 98, Issue 6, 1 (June 2005), pp. 387–402.
Available: https://academic.oup.com/qjmed/article/98/6/387/1548168

Hahn, Peter L., ‘Securing the Middle East: The Eisenhower Doctrine of 1957’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 36, No. 1, Presidential Doctrines (Mar., 2006), pp. 38-47.

Harrison, Christopher, ‘French Attitudes to Empire and the Algerian War’, African Affairs, Vol. 82, No. 326 (Jan., 1983), pp. 75-95.

Harrison, Martin, ‘Government and Press in France During the Algerian War’, The American Political Science Review, Vol. 58, No. 2 (Jun., 1964), pp. 273-285.

Hitchens, Christopher and Rostow, W. W., ‘Mad Dogs and Others: Suez 1956’, Grand Street, Vol. 6, No. 1 (Autumn, 1986), pp. 102-119.

Immerman, Richard H., ‘Eisenhower and Dulles: Who Made the Decisions?’, Political Psychology, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Autumn, 1979), pp. 21-38.

Ingimundarson, Valur, ‘Containing the Offensive: The "Chief of the Cold War" and the Eisenhower Administration's German Policy’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 3, The Presidency in the World(Summer, 1997), pp. 480-495.

Johnson, Edward, ‘A Permanent UN Force: British Thinking after Suez’, Review of International Studies, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul., 1991), pp. 251-266.

Lucas, W. Scott, ‘Redefining the Suez 'Collusion'’, Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 26, No. 1 (Jan., 1990), pp. 88-112.

Marston, Geoffrey, ‘Armed Intervention in the 1956 Suez Canal Crisis: The Legal Advice Tendered to the British Government’, The International and Comparative Law Quarterly, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Oct., 1988), pp.773-817.

McCauley, Brian, ‘Hungary and Suez, 1956: The Limits of Soviet and American Power’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 16, No. 4 (Oct., 1981), pp. 777-800.

Mohan, Jitendra, ‘India, Pakistan, Suez and The Commonwealth’, International Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3 (SUMMER, 1960), pp. 185-199.

Murray, Geoffrey, ‘Glimpses of Suez 1956’, International Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, Lester Pearson's Diplomacy (Winter,1973/1974), pp. 46-66.

Hulbert, Jeff, ‘Right-Wing Propaganda or Reporting History?: The Newsreels and the Suez Crisis of 1956’, Film History, Vol. 14, No. 3/4, War and Militarism (2002), pp. 261-281.

Nimer, Benjamin, ‘Dulles, Suez, and Democratic Diplomacy’, The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Sep., 1959), pp. 784-798.

Padelford, Norman J., ‘THE PANAMA CANAL AND THE SUEZ CRISIS’, Proceedings of the American Society of International Law at Its Annual Meeting (1921-1969), Vol. 51 (APRIL 25-27, 1957), pp. 10-20.

Parmentier, Guillame, ‘The British Press in the Suez Crisis’, The Historical Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Jun., 1980), pp. 435-448.

Peden, G. C. ‘SUEZ AND BRITAIN'S DECLINE AS A WORLD POWER’, The Historical Journal, Vol. 55, No. 4 (DECEMBER 2012), pp. 1073-1096.

Petersen, Tore Tingvold, ‘Anglo-American Rivalry in the Middle East: The Struggle for the Buraimi Oasis, 1952-1957’, The International History Review, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Feb., 1992), pp. 71-91.

Rose, Norman, ‘The Resignation of Anthony Eden’, The Historical Journal, Vol. 25, No. 4 (Dec., 1982), pp. 911-931.

(de) Santis, Vincent P., ‘Eisenhower Revisionism’, The Review of Politics, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Apr., 1976), pp. 190-207.

Scheele, Henry Z., ‘The 1956 Nomination of Dwight D. Eisenhower: Maintaining the Hero Image’, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 3, Bicentennial Considerations and the Eisenhower and L.B. Johnson Presidencies (Summer, 1987), pp. 459-471.

Shlaim, Avi, ‘The Protocol of Sevres, 1956: Anatomy of a War Plot', International Affairs, 73 (3) (1997), pp. 509-530.

Siverson, Randolph M., ‘The Evaluation of Self, Allies, and Enemies in the 1956 Suez Crisis’, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 16, No. 2, Research Perspectives on the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Symposium (Jun., 1972), pp. 203-210.

Smolansky, O. M., ‘Moscow and the Suez Crisis, 1956: A Reappraisal’, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 80, No. 4 (Dec., 1965), pp. 581-605.

Spry, Graham, ‘Canada, the United Nations Emergency Force, and the Commonwealth’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 33, No.3 (Jul., 1957), pp. 289-300.

Swift, Richard N., ‘United States Leadership in the United Nations’, The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 2 (Jun., 1958), pp. 183-194.

Tal, David, ‘Israel's Road to the 1956 War’, International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Feb., 1996), pp. 59-81.

Thomas, Martin, ‘France Accused: French North Africa before the United Nations, 1952-1962’, Contemporary European History, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Mar., 2001), pp. 91-121.

Todorov, Tzvetan and Denner, Arthur, ‘Torture in the Algerian War’, South Central Review, Vol. 24, No. 1, On Torture (Spring, 2007), pp. 18-26.

Wall, Irwin M, ‘The French Communists and the Algerian War’, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Jul., 1977), pp. 521-543.

Warner, Geoffrey, ‘'Collusion' and the Suez Crisis of 1956’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 55, No.2 (Apr., 1979), pp. 226-239.

Wight, Martin, ‘Brutus in Foreign Policy: The Memoirs of Sir Anthony Eden’, International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 36, No.3 (Jul., 1960), pp. 299-309.

Wright, Quincy, ‘Intervention, 1956’, The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 51, No. 2 (Apr., 1957), pp. 257-276.

The Versailles Anniversary Project

PRIMARY SOURCES

Chronological listing of the Minutes of the Different Councils.

·         Gathered from 12th January to 5th November 1919.

·         URL for each collection of minutes is delineated in red, date in bold black, details in italics.

·         Please also see the website for a complete document containing all the minutes up to 28th June 1919.

http://images.library.wisc.edu/FRUS/EFacs/1919Parisv03/reference/frus.frus1919parisv03.i0008.pdf
(12 January-14 February – the opening shots of the Peace Conference)
[free archive of detailed minutes of the Council of Ten from mid-January 1919 to mid-February 1919 – an invaluable resource for those tracing the daily development of the Conference].

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1919Parisv04/comp1
(15 February-17 June, but effectively replaced from 24th March with formation of Council of Four)

[free archive of detailed minutes of Council of Ten from mid-February to late March, when the Council of Ten was gradually replaced by the Council of Four. This collection fills in the gaps during the period where the leaders of the Big Three were absent and the structure of the Peace Conference changed. They are immensely valuable, and rarely made use of].

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1919Parisv04/comp2
(27 March- 25 June – the leftovers)

[free archive of detailed minutes of the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was created once the Council of Ten was condensed into the Council of Four, and the foreign ministers found they had little to do, so they began meeting regularly from late March to 25th June. While these ministers were superseded in importance by the CIV, their work is still important, and contains some extraneous details which enthusiasts will definitely find interesting].

http://images.library.wisc.edu/FRUS/EFacs/1919Parisv05/reference/frus.frus1919parisv05.i0004.pdf
(20 March-24 May – the Council of Four establishes itself)

[free archive of detailed minutes of the Council of Four from 20 March 1919 to late May 1919 – yet another invaluable resource for those tracing the daily development of the Conference. This project would have been lost without it].

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1919Parisv06
(24 May-28 June – the final stretch of the Peace Conference)
[free archive of detailed minutes of Council of Four from 24 May 1919 to 28 June 1919. This was the final phase of the Peace Conference and the most famous today, where the Big Four, but realistically the Big Three of Wilson, Clemenceau and Lloyd George, sat together in informal circumstances and hammered out the peace of the world. It is an invaluable record for anyone interested in the period].

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1919Parisv07
(1 July-28 August 1919, the aftermath)

[free archive of minutes of Council of Heads of Delegations – just because the major players had gone home and the Treaty of Versailles had been signed, this did not mean that the Paris Peace Conference was over. There was still work to be done, and in the forgotten aftermath section, which our project unfortunately had scant time to address, this work is set out in the usual exhaustive detail].

https://history.state.gov/historicaldocuments/frus1919Parisv08/comp1
(29 August-5 November 1919, more aftermath)

[free archive of minutes of Council of Heads of Delegations – even more important people had gone home, but all the work still was not finished. Access this set of documents to see what else was discussed and occupied the attentions of those that still resided in Paris in late 1919].

https://web.archive.org/web/20111125095446/http://www.woodrowwilsonhouse.org/index.asp?section=timeline&file=timelinesearch_day&id=612
(Wilson’s speech in November 1923, which we used part of for our introduction track)

Additional Useful Websites

·         URL delineated in red font

·         Dates, where appropriate, marked with bold black.

·         Additional details in italics

https://www.firstworldwar.com/source/1918.htm
[First World War dot com is an invaluable resource of primary and secondary source material, all digitised and freely accessible – it’s treasure troves like these and the good people that maintain them that give me hope for history].

http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/versailles.html

https://encyclopedia.ushmm.org/content/en/article/treaty-of-versailles

https://baltimorecitycollege.libguides.com/treatyofversailles

http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/marcuse/classes/33d/projects/1920s/VersaillesTreatyCarlos.htm

https://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Main_Page

http://net.lib.byu.edu/~rdh7/wwi/comment/treatytruth/tardieu00tc.htm

http://net.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/memoir/Gerard2/KaiserismTC.htm
[anti-German account].

https://wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Post_-_1918_Documents

http://digital.library.yale.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/1004_6
[Edward House’s diaries digitised and freely available – an invaluable resource for anyone tracing the daily events of the hammering out of Versailles].

Questia bibliography

[Questia is the online subscription service where for $50 every four months, you can access millions of e-books, journals and articles. Versailles was made much more in depth and detailed thanks to Questia, so if you’re in the market for any of these sources, head to Questia first!]

  • Albrecht-Carrié, René. Italy at the Paris Peace Conference. New York: Columbia University Press, 1938.

  • Anderson, Peter. "Why Did the Bolsheviks Win the Russian Civil War? Peter Anderson Compares the Tactics and Resources of the Two Sides. (Talking Points)." History Review, 2002, 22+.

  • Annin, Robert Edwards. Woodrow Wilson: A Character Study. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company, 1924.

  • Bailey, Thomas A. Wilson and the Peacemakers: Combining Woodrow Wilson and the Lost Peace and Woodrow Wilson and the Great Betrayal. New York: Macmillan, 1947.

  • Baruch, Bernard M. The Making of the Reparation and Economic Sections of the Treaty. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1920.

  • Bassett, John Spencer. The League of Nations: A Chapter in World Politics. New York: Longmans, Green, 1930.

  • Beaverbrook, Max Aitken. The Decline and Fall of Lloyd George. New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1963.

  • Bell, H. C. F. Woodrow Wilson and the People. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran and Company, 1945.

  • Blouet, Brian. "THE BLACK BOOK: Woodrow Wilson's Secret Plan for Peace." The Geographical Review 103, no. 3 (2013): 446+.

  • Bonsal, Stephen. Suitors and Suppliants: The Little Nations at Versailles. New York: Prentice Hall, 1946.

  • Bruun, Geoffrey. Clemenceau. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1943.

  • Bullitt, William C. The Bullitt Mission to Russia. New York: B.W. Huebsch, 1919.

  • Burton, David H. Taft, Wilson, and World Order. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003.

  • Cassella–Blackburn, Michael. The Donkey, the Carrot, and the Club: William C. Bullitt and Soviet-American Relations, 1917-1948. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2004.

  • Cassimatis, Louis P. American Influence in Greece, 1917-1929. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1988.

  • Clemenceau, Georges. Grandeur and Misery of Victory. Translated by Frederick MacCurdy Atkinson. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1930.

  • Clyde, Paul H. Japan's Pacific Mandate. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

  • Creel, George. The War, the World and Wilson. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1920.

  • Davis, Donald E., and Eugene P. Trani. The First Cold War: The Legacy of Woodrow Wilson in U.S.-Soviet Relations. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 2002.

  • Doenecke, Justus D. Nothing Less Than War: A New History of America's Entry into World War I. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2011.

  • Dutton, David, ed. Paris 1918: The War Diary of the British Ambassador, the 17th Earl of Derby. Liverpool, England: Liverpool University Press, 2001.

  • Fieldhouse, D. K. Western Imperialism in the Middle East 1914-1958. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

  • Fischer, Fritz. World Power or Decline: The Controversy over Germany's Aims in the First World War. Translated by Lancelot L. Farrar, Robert Kimber, and Rita Kimber. New York: W. W. Norton, 1974.

  • Fisher, John, and M. L. Dockrill. The Paris Peace Conference, 1919: Peace without Victory? New York: Palgrave, 2001.

  • Foglesong, David S. America's Secret War against Bolshevism: U.S. Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

  • Forster, Edward S. A Short History of Modern Greece, 1821-1956. 3rd Rev. ed. London: Methuen, 1958.

  • Frank, Lucas N. "Playing with Fire: Woodrow Wilson, Self-Determination, Democracy, and Revolution in Mexico." The Historian 76, no. 1 (2014): 71+.

  • Fraser, Lindley. Germany between Two Wars: A Study of Propaganda and War-Guilt. London: Oxford University Press, 1945.

  • French, David. The Strategy of the Lloyd George Coalition, 1916-1918. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

  • George, Earl Lloyd. My Father, Lloyd George. New York: Crown Publishers, 1961.

  • Greene, Theodore P., ed. Wilson at Versailles. Boston: D. C. Heath, 1957.

  • Griffiths, Jennifer. "Enrico Toti: A New Man for Italy's Mutilated Victory." Annali D'Italianistica 33 (2015): 341+.

  • Hannigan, Robert E. The Great War and American Foreign Policy, 1914-24. Haney Foundation Series. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.

  • Hannigan, Robert E. The New World Power: American Foreign Policy, 1898-1917. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2002.

  • Herb, Guntram Henrik. Under the Map of Germany: Nationalism and Propaganda, 1918-1945. London: Routledge, 1997.

  • Hertzman, Lewis. DNVP: Right-Wing Opposition in the Weimar Republic, 1918-1924. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1963.

  • Hyndman, H. M. Clemenceau, the Man and His Time. New York: F. A. Stokes, 1919.

  • James, D. Clayton, and Anne Sharp Wells. America and the Great War, 1914-1920. Wheeling, IL: Harlan Davidson, 1998.

  • Jones, Thomas. Lloyd George. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951.

  • Jordan, W. M. Great Britain, France, and the German Problem, 1918-1939: A Study of Anglo-French Relations in the Making and Maintenance of the Versailles Settlement. London: Oxford University Press, 1943.

  • Kawaiumi, K. K. Japan and World Peace. New York: Macmillan, 1919.

  • Kester, Bernadette. Film Front Weimar: Representations of the First World War in German Films of the Weimar Period (1919-1933). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2003.

  • Kitromilides, Paschalis M., ed. Eleftherios Venizelos: The Trials of Statesmanship. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.

  • Kolb, Eberhard. The Weimar Republic. Translated by P. S. Falla and R. J. Park. 2nd ed. London: Routledge, 2005.

  • Kornat, Marek. "Realism, Idealism, Diplomacy: In Defence of President Woodrow Wilson." The Polish Quarterly of International Affairs 26, no. 4 (2017).

  • Langsam, Walter Consuelo. In Quest of Empire: The Problem of Colonies. New York: Foreign Policy Association, 1939.

  • Lansing, Robert. The Big Four and Others of the Peace Conference. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1921.

  • Leavell, Perry. "Finding a Man Who Will Take Advice: Woodrow Wilson and Edward House 1." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 159, no. 1 (2015): 57+.

  • Lederer, Ivo J., ed. The Versailles Settlement--Was It Foredoomed to Failure? Boston: D. C. Heath, 1960.

  • Lee, Stephen J. The Weimar Republic. 2nd ed. Questions and Analysis in History. New York: Routledge, 2010.

  • Lengel, Edward G. "Woodrow Wilson and the Great War: Reconsidering America's Neutrality, 1914-1917." The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 117, no. 2 (2009): 199+.

  • Lloyd George, David. The Truth about the Peace Treaties. Vol. 1. London: V. Gollancz, 1938.

  • Loima, Jyrki. "Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing? the Fate of Russian "Aliens and Enemies" in the Finnish Civil War in 1918." The Historian 69, no. 2 (2007): 254+.

  • Longrigg, Stephen Hemsley. Syria and Lebanon under French Mandate. London: Oxford University Press, 1958.

  • Lowry, Bullitt. Armistice 1918. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1996.

  • Lukes, Igor. Czechoslovakia between Stalin and Hitler: The Diplomacy of Edvard Benes in the 1930s. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

  • Mantoux, Étienne, R. C. K. Ensor, and Paul Mantoux. The Carthaginian Peace: Or, the Economic Consequences of Mr. Keynes. London; New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.

  • Marks, Sally. Innocent Abroad: Belgium at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1981.

  • Markwell, Donald. John Maynard Keynes and International Relations: Economic Paths to War and Peace. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

  • Mason, John W. "Hungary's Battle for Memory." History Today, March 2000.

  • McFadden, David W. "When the United States Invaded Russia: Woodrow Wilson's Siberian Disaster." The Historian 77, no. 3 (2015): 575+.

  • McGibbon, Ian. "A PERFIDIOUS DISTORTION OF HISTORY: The Versailles Peace Treaty and the Success of the Nazis." New Zealand International Review 43, no. 4 (2018): 30+.

  • Morgan, J. H., and G. M. W. MacDonogh. Assize of Arms: The Disarmament of Germany and Her Rearmament (1919-1939). New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.

  • Mowat, Charles Loch. Britain between the Wars, 1918-1940. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1955.

  • Mulligan, William. "The Origins of the First World War: By Reinterpreting the Years before 1914 William Mulligan Sees the 'July Crisis' in a Fresh Perspective." History Review, no. 69 (2011): 12+.

  • Newton, Douglas. British Policy and the Weimar Republic, 1918-1919. Oxford: Oxford University, 1997.

  • Orzoff, Andrea. Battle for the Castle: The Myth of Czechoslovakia in Europe, 1914-1948. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

  • Ray, Christopher. "Britain and the Origins of the First World War: Christopher Ray Queries the Accepted Picture of a Reluctant Victim of Forces beyond Her Control. (the Unpredictable Past)." History Review, 1998, 45+.

  • Raymond, E. T. Mr. Lloyd George. New York: George H. Doran Company, 1922. http://www.questia.com/read/2800974/mr-lloyd-george.

  • Schild, Georg. Between Ideology and Realpolitik: Woodrow Wilson and the Russian Revolution, 1917-1921. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

  • Schuker, Stephen A. "Woodrow Wilson and World War I: A Burden Too Great to Bear." Presidential Studies Quarterly 45, no. 1 (2015): 215+.

  • Schwabe, Klaus. Woodrow Wilson, Revolutionary Germany, and Peacemaking, 1918-1919: Missionary Diplomacy and the Realities of Power. Translated by Rita Kimber and Robert Kimber. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

  • Seymour, Charles. American Diplomacy during the World War. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1934.

  • Seymour, Charles, and Edward Mandell House, eds. What Really Happened at Paris: The Story of the Peace Conference, 1918-1919. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1921.

  • Sharp, Alan. "The 'Big Four'-Peacemaking in Paris in 1919: Alan Sharp Takes a Flesh Look at the Statesmen Responsible for the Treaty of Versailles." History Review, no. 65 (2009): 14+.

  • Shimazu, Naoko. Japan, Race, and Equality: The Racial Equality Proposal of 1919. London: Routledge, 1998.

  • Spector, Sherman David. Rumania at the Paris Peace Conference: A Study of the Diplomacy of Ioan I. C. Bratianu. New York: Bookman Associates, 1962.

  • Steiner, Zara. The Lights That Failed: European International History, 1919-1933. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2005.

  • Tooley, T. Hunt. National Identity and Weimar Germany: Upper Silesia and the Eastern Border, 1918-1922. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

  • Trask, David F. The United States in the Supreme War Council: American War Aims and Inter-Allied Strategy, 1917-1918. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1961.

  • Tumulty, Joseph P. Woodrow Wilson as I Know Him. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Page, 1921.

  • Van Tuyll Van Serooskerken, Hubert P. The Netherlands and World War I: Espionage, Diplomacy and Survival. Boston: Brill, 2001.

  • Vat, Dan Van Der. The Grand Scuttle: The Sinking of the German Fleet at Scapa Flow in 1919. Edinburgh: Birlinn, 1997.

  • Völgyes, Iván, ed. Hungary in Revolution, 1918-19: Nine Essays. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1971.

  • Wallach, Jehuda L. Uneasy Coalition: The Entente Experience in World War I. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1993.

  • Walworth, Arthur. Wilson and His Peacemakers: American Diplomacy at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. New York: W. W. Norton, 1986.

  • Watson, David Robin. Georges Clemenceau: A Political Biography. London: Eyre Methuen, 1974.

  • White, William Allen. Woodrow Wilson: The Man, His Times and His Task. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1924.

  • Woodward, David R. Lloyd George and the Generals. London: F. Cass, 2004.

 


 

Journal articles

[These articles have been downloaded from JSTOR.ORG, a subscription service generally only available to students or library users. The sheer volume of materials is unbeatable, but as far as I am aware individuals cannot purchase access, so it’ll have to be through those aforementioned routes.]

·         Abrahams, Paul P. American Bankers and the Economic Tactics of Peace: 1919. The Journal of American History, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Dec., 1969), pp. 572-583

·         Ainsworth, John. Sidney Reilly's Reports from South Russia, December 1918-March 1919. Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 50, No. 8 (Dec., 1998), pp. 1447-1470

·         Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. Italian Colonial Problems in 1919. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 58, No. 4 (Dec., 1943), pp. 562-580

·         Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. Italian Foreign Policy, 1914-1922. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Dec., 1948), pp. 326-339

·         Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. Italy and Her Allies, June, 1919. The American Historical Review, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Jul., 1941), pp. 837-843

·         Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. New Light on Italian Problems in 1919. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 13, No. 4 (Dec., 1941), pp. 493-516

·         Albrecht-Carrie, Rene. The Present Significance of the Treaty of London of 1915. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3 (Sep., 1939), pp. 364-390

·         Ambrosius, Lloyd E. Wilson, the Republicans, and French Security after World War I. The Journal of American History, Vol. 59, No. 2 (Sep., 1972), pp. 341-352

·         Ambrosius, Lloyd E. Woodrow Wilson, Alliances, and the League of Nations. The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Apr., 2006), pp.139-165

·         Ambrosius, Lloyd E. Woodrow Wilson's Health and the Treaty Fight, 1919-1920. The International History Review, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Feb., 1987), pp. 73-84

·         Arslanian, Artin H. and Nichols, Robert L. Nationalism and the Russian Civil War: The Case of Volunteer Army-Armenian Relations, 1918-20. Soviet Studies, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Oct., 1979), pp. 559-573

·         Arslanian, Artin H. British Wartime Pledges, 1917-18: The Armenian Case. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jul., 1978), pp. 517-530

·         Asada, Sadao. Japan's "Special Interests" and the Washington Conference. The American Historical Review, Vol. 67, No. 1 (Oct., 1961), pp. 62-70

·         Attrep, Abe. 'A State of Wretchedness and Impotence': A British View of Istanbul and Turkey, 1919. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Jan., 1978), pp. 1-9

·         Augusteijn, Joost. Accounting for the Emergence of Violent Activism among Irish Revolutionaries, 1916-21. Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 35, No. 139 (May, 2007), pp. 327-344

·         Bassler, Gerhard P. The Communist Movement in the German Revolution, 1918-1919: A Problem of Historical Typology? Central European History, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Sep., 1973), pp. 233-277

·         Beck, James M. The League and America's Good Faith. The North American Review, Vol. 211, No. 770 (Jan., 1920), pp. 17-29

·         Bell, Christopher M. Thinking the Unthinkable: British and American Naval Strategies for an Anglo-American War, 1918-1931. The International History Review, Vol. 19, No. 4 (Nov., 1997), pp. 789-808

·         Bender, Thomas. The American Way of Empire. World Policy Journal, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Spring, 2006), pp. 45-61

·         Benes, Eduard. Diplomatic Struggle For European Security. Advocate of Peace through Justice, Vol. 87, No. 7 (JULY, 1925), pp. 426-436

·         Bew, Paul. Moderate Nationalism and the Irish Revolution, 1916-1923. The Historical Journal, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Sep., 1999), pp. 729-749

·         Binkley, Robert C. New Light on the Paris Peace Conference. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Dec., 1931), pp. 509-547

·         Binkley, Robert C. New Light on the Paris Peace Conference. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 46, No. 3 (Sep., 1931), pp. 335-361

·         Biskupski, M. B. B. The Origins Of A Relationship: The United States And Poland, 1914-1921. The Polish Review, Vol. 54, No. 2 (2009), pp. 147-158

·         Biskupski, M. B. Re-Creating Central Europe: The United States 'Inquiry' into the Future of Poland in 1918. The International History Review, Vol. 12, No. 2 (May, 1990), pp. 249-279

·         Biskupski, M. B. THE ORIGINS OF THE PADEREWSKI GOVERNMENT IN 1919: A RECONSIDERATION INLIGHT OF NEW EVIDENCE. The Polish Review, Vol. 33, No. 2 (1988), pp. 157-166

·         Blatt, Joel. France and Italy at the Paris Peace Conference. The International History Review, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Feb., 1986), pp. 27-40

·         Boothe, Leon E. A Fettered Envoy: Lord Grey's Mission to the United States, 1919-1920. The Review of Politics, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan., 1971), pp. 78-94

·         Bostwick, Darwin. "Diplomacy in Defeat: Germany and the Polish Boundary Dispute in 1919". Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Winter/l'hiver 1977), pp. 21-40

·         Bowden, Tom. The Irish Underground and the War of Independence 1919-21. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr., 1973), pp. 3-23

·         Buse, D. K. Ebert and the German Crisis, 1917-1920. Central European History, Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep., 1972), pp. 234-255

·         Buzinkai, Donald I. The Bolsheviks, the League of Nations and the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. Soviet Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Oct., 1967), pp. 257-263

·         Callahan, Michael D. NOMANSLAND: The British Colonial Office and the League of Nations Mandate for German East Africa, 1916-1920. Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3(Autumn, 1993), pp. 443-464

·         Carabelli, Anna M. and Cedrini, Mario A. Keynes and the Complexity of International Economic Relations in the Aftermath of World War I. Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 44, No. 4 (DECEMBER 2010), pp. 1009-1027

·         Carroll, Francis M. The American Commission on Irish Independence and the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. Irish Studies in International Affairs, Vol. 2, No. 1 (1985), pp. 103-118

·         Carroll, Francis M. The Irish Free State and Public Diplomacy: The First Official Visit of William T. Cosgrave to the United States. New Hibernia Review / Iris Éireannach Nua, Vol. 16, No. 2 (SAMHRADH / SUMMER 2012), pp. 77-97

·         Chace, James. The Wilsonian Moment? The Wilson Quarterly (1976-), Vol. 25, No. 4 (Autumn, 2001), pp. 34-41

·         Charnovitz, Steve. The Emergence of Democratic Participation in Global Governance (Paris, 1919). Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Winter 2003), pp. 45-77

·         Ciechanowski, Jan. The Polish Corridor: Revision or Peace? Foreign Affairs, Vol. 10, No. 4 (Jul., 1932), pp. 558-571

·         Ciechanowski, Jan. WOODROW WILSON IN THE SPOTLIGHT OF VERSAILLES. The Polish Review, Vol. 1, No. 2/3 (Spring-Summer 1956), pp. 12-21

·         Cienciala, Anna M. The Foreign Policy Of Józef Piłsudski And Józef Beck, 1926-1939: Misconceptions And Interpretations. The Polish Review, Vol. 56, No. 1/2, COMMEMORATING JÓZEF PIŁSUDSKI (2011), pp. 111-151

·         Cline, Peter K. Reopening the Case of the Lloyd George Coalition and the Post-war Economic Transition 1918-1919. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1 (Nov., 1970), pp. 162-175

·         Close, David. Conservatives and Coalition after the First World War. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 45, No. 2 (Jun., 1973), pp. 240-260

·         Contee, Clarence G. Du Bois, the NAACP, and the Pan-African Congress of 1919. The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 57, No. 1 (Jan., 1972), pp. 13-28

·         Costello, Francis. Lloyd George and Ireland, 1919-1921: An Uncertain Policy. The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Jul., 1988), pp. 5-16

·         Craft, Stephen G. Angling for an Invitation to Paris: China's Entry into the First World War. The International History Review, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Feb., 1994), pp. 1-24

·         Craft, Stephen G. John Bassett Moore, Robert Lansing, and the Shandong Question. Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 66, No. 2 (May, 1997), pp. 231-249

·         Crozier, Andrew J. The Establishment of the Mandates System 1919-25: Some Problems Created by the Paris Peace Conference. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Jul., 1979), pp. 483-513

·         David, Edward. The Liberal Party Divided 1916-1918. The Historical Journal, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Sep., 1970), pp. 509-532

·         Dehne, Philip. How important was Latin America to the First World War? Iberoamericana (2001-), Año 14, No. 53 (Marzo de 2014), pp. 151-164

·         Dockrill, M. L. and Steiner, Zara. The Foreign Office at the Paris Peace Conference in 1919. The International History Review, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Jan., 1980), pp. 55-86

·         Dockrill, M. L. Historical Note: The Foreign Office and the 'Proposed Institute of International Affairs 1919'. International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-), Vol. 56, No.4 (Autumn, 1980), pp. 665-672

·         Dubin, Martin David. Elihu Root and the Advocacy of a League of Nations, 1914-1917. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Sep., 1966), pp. 439-455

·         Edmondson, Charles M. The Politics of Hunger: The Soviet Response to Famine, 1921. Soviet Studies, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct., 1977), pp. 506-518

·         Egerton, George W. Britain and the 'Great Betrayal': Anglo-American Relations and the Struggle for United States Ratification of the Treaty of Versailles, 1919-1920. The Historical Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec., 1978), pp. 885-911

·         Egerton, George W. The Lloyd George Government and the Creation of the League of Nations. The American Historical Review, Vol. 79, No. 2 (Apr., 1974), pp. 419-444

·         Eichenberg, Julia. The Dark Side of Independence: Paramilitary Violence in Ireland and Poland after the First World War. Contemporary European History, Vol. 19, No. 3, Aftershocks: Violence in Dissolving Empires after the First World War (August 2010), pp. 231-248

·         Elcock, H. J. Britain and the Russo-Polish Frontier, 1919-1921. The Historical Journal, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1969), pp. 137-154

·         Eulau, Heinz. Wilsonian Idealist: Walter Lippmann Goes to War. The Antioch Review, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring, 1954), pp. 87-108

·         Fair, John D. The Peacemaking Exploits of Harold Temperley in The Balkans, 1918-1921. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 67, No. 1 (Jan., 1989), pp. 68-93

·         Feldman, Gerald D. Economic and Social Problems of the German Demobilization, 1918-19. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Mar., 1975), pp. 1-47

·         Fenwick, Charles G. Notes on International Affairs: The Peace Treaty with Germany. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Aug., 1919), pp. 468-483

·         Ferrell, Robert H. Woodrow Wilson: Man and Statesman. The Review of Politics, Vol. 18, No. 2 (Apr., 1956), pp. 131-145

·         Field, Russell. Japanese Policy toward the Shantung Question at the Paris Peace Conference. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Sep., 1951), pp. 265-272

·         Fifield, Russell H. Secretary Hughes and the Shantung Question. Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Nov., 1954), pp. 373-385

·         Fike, Claude E. The Influence of the Creel Committee and the American Red Cross on Russian-American Relations, 1917-1919. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Jun., 1959), pp. 93-109

·         Finch, George A. The Peace Conference of Paris, 1919. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 13, No. 2 (Apr., 1919), pp. 159-186

·         Finch, George A. The Treaty of Peace with Germany in the United States Senate. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 14, No. 1/2 (Jan. - Apr., 1920),pp. 155-206

·         Fink, Carole. Minority Rights as an International Question. Contemporary European History, Vol. 9, No. 3, Theme Issue: Reflections on the Twentieth Century (Nov., 2000), pp. 385-400

·         Fink, Carole. The League of Nations and the Minorities Question. World Affairs, Vol. 157, No. 4, Woodrow Wilson and the League of Nations: Part One (SPRING 1995), pp. 197-205

·         Fisher, John. 'The Safety of Our Indian Empire': Lord Curzon and British Predominance in the Arabian Peninsula, 1919. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 33, No. 3 (Jul., 1997), pp. 494-520

·         Flannagan Jr, John H. The Disillusionment of a Progressive: U. S. Senator David I. Walsh and the League of Nations Issue, 1918-1920. The New England Quarterly, Vol. 41, No. 4 (Dec., 1968), pp. 483-504

·         Fontana, Guiditta. Creating Nations, Establishing States: Ethno-Religious Heterogeneity and the British Creation of Iraq in 1919-23. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 46, No. 1 (January 2010), pp. 1-16

·         French, David. Doctrine and Organization in the British Army, 1919-1932. The Historical Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2 (Jun., 2001), pp. 497-515

·         Friedman, William. "Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House" and Political Psychobiography. Political Psychology, Vol. 15, No. 1, Special Issue: Political Psychology and the Work of Alexander L. George (Mar., 1994), pp. 35-59

·         Fromkin, David. What Is Wilsonianism? World Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Spring, 1994), pp. 100-111

·         Gallagher, John. Nationalisms and the Crisis of Empire, 1919-1922. Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 15, No. 3, Power, Profit and Politics: Essays on Imperialism, Nationalism and Change in Twentieth-Century India (1981), pp. 355-368

·         George, Juliette L and George, Alexander L. Woodrow Wilson and Colonel House: A Reply to Weinstein, Anderson, and Link. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 96, No. 4 (Winter, 1981-1982), pp. 641-665

·         George, Juliette L et al. Issues in Wilson Scholarship: References to Early "Strokes" in the Papers of Woodrow Wilson. The Journal of American History, Vol. 70, No. 4 (Mar., 1984), pp. 845-853

·         Gerwarth, Robert and Horne, John. The Great War and Paramilitarism in Europe, 1917-23. Contemporary European History, Vol. 19, No. 3, Aftershocks: Violence in Dissolving Empires after the First World War (August 2010), pp. 267-273

·         Gokay, Bulent. Turkish Settlement and the Caucasus, 1918-20. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Apr., 1996), pp. 45-76

·         Goldberg, Ellis. Peasants in Revolt - Egypt 1919. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2 (May, 1992), pp. 261-280

·         Goldstein, Erik. British Peace Aims and the Eastern Question: The Political Intelligence Department and the Eastern Committee, 1918. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 23, No. 4 (Oct., 1987), pp. 419-436

·         Goldstein, Erik. Great Britain and Greater Greece 1917-1920. The Historical Journal, Vol. 32, No. 2 (Jun., 1989), pp. 339-356

·         Goldstein, Erik. The Foreign Office and Political Intelligence 1918-1920. Review of International Studies, Vol. 14, No. 4 (Oct., 1988), pp. 275-288

·         Gould, S. W. Austrian Attitudes toward Anschluss: October 1918-September 1919. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 22, No. 3 (Sep., 1950), pp. 220-231

·         Graham Jr, Maldone W. THE NEAR EASTERN CRISIS AND WORLD POLITICS. The Southwestern Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 3, No. 3 (DECEMBER, 1922), pp.181-199

·         Granieri, Ronald J. A. J. P. Taylor on the 'Greater' German Problem. The International History Review, Vol. 23, No. 1 (Mar., 2001), pp. 28-50

·         Grant, Ulysses S. The Armistice of 1918. World Affairs, Vol. 129, No. 1 (April, May, June 1966), pp. 13-19

·         Grantham Jr, Dewey W. THE SOUTHERN SENATORS AND THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS, 1918-1920. The North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. 26, No. 2 (APRIL, 1949), pp. 187-205

·         Güçlü, Yücel. The Struggle for Mastery in Cilicia: Turkey, France, and the Ankara Agreement of 1921. The International History Review, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Sep., 2001), pp. 580-603

·         H. L. Germany's Second Revolution. Bulletin of International News, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Jul. 5, 1934), pp. 3-11

·         Haas, Ernst B. The Reconciliation of Conflicting Colonial Policy Aims: Acceptance of the League of Nations Mandate System. International Organization, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Nov., 1952), pp. 521-536

·         Halecki, O. THE THIRTEENTH POINT. Bulletin of the Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America, Vol. 4 (1945-1946), pp. 51-59

·         Halecki, O. WILSON AND POLAND TODAY. The Polish Review, Vol. 1, No. 2/3 (Spring-Summer 1956), pp. 6-11

·         Halperin, William S. Anatomy of an Armistice. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Mar., 1971), pp. 107-112

·         Hanks, Robert K. Georges Clemenceau and the English. The Historical Journal, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Mar., 2002), pp. 53-77

·         Hart, Peter. The Social Structure of the Irish Republican Army, 1916-1923. The Historical Journal, Vol. 42, No. 1 (Mar., 1999), pp. 207-231

·         Heckscher, August and Fromkin, David. "Wilsonianism": A Comment. World Policy Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3 (Fall, 1994), pp. 104-109

·         Helmreich, Jonathan. The Negotiation of the Franco-Belgian Military Accord of 1920. French Historical Studies, Vol. 3, No. 3 (Spring, 1964), pp. 360-378

·         Herbert, Paul. Watch on the Rhine: The 1st Division in the Occupation of Germany, 1918-1919. On Point, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Fall 2009), pp. 34-41

·         Hermens, F. A. Public Opinion and the Peace: War Aims as Aids to Victory: A Lesson of the Last Settlement. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Apr., 1943), pp. 325-341

·         Hershey, Amos S. The Shantung Cession. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 13, No. 3 (Jul., 1919), pp. 530-536

·         Hewes Jr, James E. Henry Cabot Lodge and the League of Nations. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 114, No. 4 (Aug. 20, 1970), pp. 245-255

·         Hitchcock, Gilbert M. In Defence of the League of Nations. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 84, International Reconstruction (Jul., 1919), pp. 201-207

·         Hogan, Michael J. The United States and the Problem of International Economic Control: American Attitudes toward European Reconstruction, 1918-1920. Pacific Historical Review, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Feb., 1975), pp. 84-103

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·         Nielson, Jonathan M. The Scholar as Diplomat: American Historians at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The International History Review, Vol. 14, No. 2 (May 1992), pp. 228-251

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·         Parsons, Edward B. Some International Implications of the 1918 Roosevelt-Lodge Campaign Against Wilson and a Democratic Congress. Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 19, No. 1, Part I: American Foreign Policy for the 1990s and Part II: T. R., Wilson and the Progressive Era, 1901-1919 (WINTER 1989), pp.141-157

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·         Peake, Thomas R. Jacques Sadoul and the Russian Intervention Question, 1919. The Russian Review, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Jan., 1973), pp. 54-63

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·         Phelan, Mark. 'Prophet of the Oppressed Nations': Gabriele D'annunzio And The Irish Republic, 1919-21. History Ireland, Vol. 21, No. 5 (September/October 2013), pp. 44-48

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·         Pomerance, Michla. The United States and Self-Determination: Perspectives on the Wilsonian Conception. The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 70, No. 1 (Jan., 1976), pp. 1-27

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·         Quanchi, Max. Jewel of the Pacific and Planter's Paradise: The Visual Argument for Australian Sub-Imperialism in the Solomon Islands. The Journal of Pacific History, Vol. 39, No. 1 (Jun., 2004), pp. 43-58

·         Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby. The History of a Lesson: Versailles, Munich and the Social Construction of the Past. Review of International Studies, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct., 2003), pp. 499-519

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·         Rosenberger, Homer T. The American Peace Society's Reaction to the Covenant of the League of Nations. World Affairs, Vol. 141, No. 2, Celebrating 150 Years of the American Peace Society (Fall 1978), pp. 139-152

·         Ross, William G. Constitutional Issues Involving the Controversy Over American Membership in the League of Nations, 1918-1920. The American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 53, No. 1 (January 2013), pp. 1-88

·         Roucek, Joseph S. The Bulgarian, Rumanian, and Hungarian Peace Treaties. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 257, Peace Settlements of World War II (May, 1948), pp. 97-105

·         Rovere, Richard H. Walter Lippmann. The American Scholar, Vol. 44, No. 4 (Autumn 1975), pp. 585-603

·         Rurup, Reinhard. Problems of the German Revolution 1918-19. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1918-19: From War to Peace (Oct.,1968), pp. 109-135

·         Sanchez, J. A. M. Certain Barriers to a Revision of the Treaty of Versailles. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 108, America's Relation to the European Situation (Jul., 1923), pp. 23-26

·         Saunders, Robert M. History, Health and Herons: The Historiography of Woodrow Wilson's Personality and Decision-Making. Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 1, Domestic Goals and Foreign Policy Objectives (Winter, 1994), pp. 57-77

·         Schlup, Leonard. Senator J.C.W. Beckham and the Fight for Ratification of the League of Nations. The Register of the Kentucky Historical Society, Vol. 95, No. 1 (Winter 1997), pp. 29-55

·         Schurer, H. Some Reflections on Rosa Luxemburg and the Bolshevik Revolution. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 40, No. 95 (Jun., 1962), pp. 356-372

·         Schwabe, Klaus. Woodrow Wilson and Germany's Membership in the League of Nations, 1918-19. Central European History, Vol. 8, No. 1 (Mar., 1975), pp. 3-22

·         Seaton-Watson, Christopher. 1919 and the Persistence of Nationalist Aspirations. Review of International Studies, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Oct., 1989), pp. 309-318

·         Sedlmaier, Alexander. Woodrow Wilson, Colonel House and the American Century. Irish Journal of American Studies, Vol. 9 (2000), pp. 33-63

·         Sedlmaier, Alexander. Woodrow Wilson, Colonel House and the American Century. Irish Journal of American Studies, Vol. 9 (2000), pp. 33-63

·         Seymour, Charles. Woodrow Wilson in Perspective. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 34, No. 2 (Jan., 1956), pp. 175-186

·         Sigurdsson, David Logi. 'A Parallel Much Closer': The 1918 Act of Union between Iceland and Denmark and Ireland's Relations with Britain. Irish Historical Studies, Vol. 34, No. 133 (May, 2004), pp. 79-92

·         Silvestri, Michael. "The Sinn Fein of India": Irish Nationalism and the Policing of Revolutionary Terrorism in Bengal. Journal of British Studies, Vol. 39, No. 4 (Oct., 2000), pp. 454-486

·         Singer, Barnett. Clemenceau and the Jews. Jewish Social Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Winter, 1981), pp. 47-58

·         Sinha, Sushil Chandra. RÔLE OF PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON IN THE EVOLUTION OF THE MANDATES SYSTEM. The Indian Journal of Political Science, Vol. 3, No. 4 (April—June, 1942), pp. 424-436

·         Skilling, Gordon. Will November 1918 Repeat Itself? The Public Opinion Quarterly, Vol. 7, No. 2 (Summer, 1943), pp. 258-266

·         Slaughter, Gertrude. The Significance of Fiume. The North American Review, Vol. 210, No. 768 (Nov., 1919), pp. 614-621

·         Slosson, Preston. The Constitution of the Peace Conference. Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 35, No. 3 (Sep., 1920), pp. 360-371

·         Smith, Gaddis. Canada and the Siberian Intervention, 1918-1919. The American Historical Review, Vol. 64, No. 4 (Jul., 1959), pp. 866-877

·         Snell, John L. Wilson on Germany and the Fourteen Points. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Dec., 1954), pp. 364-369

·         Sommerfeld, H. Muller. The League of Nations, A-Mandates and Minority Rights during the Mandate Period in Iraq (1920–1932) eds S.R. Goldstein-Sabbah, H.L. Murre-van den Berg in Modernity, Minority, and the Public Sphere: Jews and Christians in the Middle East

·         Steed, Wickham. The Revision of the Peace Treaties. Transactions of the Grotius Society, Vol. 19, Problems of Peace and War, Papers Read before the Society in the Year 1933 (1933), pp. 115-136

·         Stevenson, D. Belgium, Luxemburg, and the Defence of Western Europe, 1914-1920. The International History Review, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Nov., 1982), pp. 504-523

·         Stevenson, D. Belgium, Luxemburg, and the Defence of Western Europe, 1914-1920. The International History Review, Vol. 4, No. 4 (Nov., 1982), pp. 504-523

·         Stevenson, David. French War Aims and the American Challenge, 1914-1918. The Historical Journal, Vol. 22, No. 4 (Dec., 1979), pp. 877-894

·         Sugareff, V. K. The Bulgarian Nationality of the Macedonians. The Journal of Race Development, Vol. 9, No. 4 (Apr., 1919), pp. 382-393

·         Tanenbaum, Jan Karl. France and the Arab Middle East, 1914-1920. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 68, No. 7 (1978), pp. 1-50

·         Taylor, Alan H. The Effect of Electoral Pacts on the Decline of the Liberal Party. British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr., 1973), pp. 243-248

·         Temperley, Harold. How the Hungarian Frontiers Were Drawn. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Apr., 1928), pp. 432-447

·         Thomas, Martin. 'Paying the Butcher's Bill': Policing British Colonial Protest after 1918. Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies, Vol. 15, No. 2 (2011), pp. 55-76

·         Thompson, J. A. Woodrow Wilson and World War I: A Reappraisal. Journal of American Studies, Vol. 19, No. 3 (Dec., 1985), pp. 325-348

·         Thompson, John A. The Overestimation of American Power: Sobering Lessons from the Past. World Policy Journal, Vol. 23, No. 2 (Summer, 2006), pp. 85-99

·         Torrey, Glenn E. Romania in the First World War: The Years of Engagement, 1916-1918. The International History Review, Vol. 14, No. 3 (Aug., 1992), pp. 462-479

·         Trachtenberg, Marc. Reparation at the Paris Peace Conference. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 51, No. 1 (Mar., 1979), pp. 24-55

·         Trachtenberg, Marc. Versailles after Sixty Years. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 17, No. 3 (Jul., 1982), pp. 487-506

·         Trask, David F. General Tasker Howard Bliss and the "Sessions of the World," 1919. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 56, No. 8 (1966), pp. 1-80

·         Turner, J. A. The British Commonwealth Union and the General Election of 1918. The English Historical Review, Vol. 93, No. 368 (Jul., 1978), pp. 528-559

·         Ulrych, Richard. General Tadeusz Rozwadowski And The Attempt To Establish A Volunteer American Legion Within The Polish Army, 1919-1920. The Polish Review, Vol. 37, No. 1 (1992), pp. 95-109

·         Unknown. ‘The Latest Phase of the Reparation Problem’. Bulletin of International News, Vol. 5, No. 14 (Jan. 19, 1929), pp. 3-11

·         Unknown. The Prinkipo Conference Plan, New York Times Current History.

·         Vellacott, Jo. Feminism as If All People Mattered: Working to Remove the Causes of War, 1919-1929. Contemporary European History, Vol. 10, No. 3, Theme Issue: Gender and War in Europe c. 1918-1949 (Nov., 2001), pp. 375-394

·         Velychenko, Stephen. Bureaucrats and Revolutionary State-Building in Ireland and Russia. Was Weber Right? Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique, Vol.38, No. 1 (Mar., 2005), pp. 1-22

·         Vivarelli, Roberto. Italy 1919-21: The Current State of Research. Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jan., 1968), pp. 103-112

·         Wainwright, William H. The Paris Peace Talks: Diplomacy and Stagecraft. The Antioch Review, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Winter, 1969-1970), pp. 505-514

·         Walsh, J. C. Ireland at the Peace Conference. Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 8, No. 30 (Jun., 1919), pp. 177-188

·         Wang, Dong. The Discourse of Unequal Treaties in Modern China. Pacific Affairs, Vol. 76, No. 3 (Fall, 2003), pp. 399-425

·         Weaver, Judith L. Edith Bolling Wilson as First Lady: A Study in the Power of Personality, 1919-1920. Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 15, No. 1, Inaugurating the President (Winter,1985), pp. 51-76

·         Weitz, Eric D. "Rosa Luxemburg Belongs to Us!" German Communism and the Luxemburg Legacy. Central European History, Vol. 27, No. 1 (1994), pp. 27-64

·         White, James D. National Communism and World Revolution: The Political Consequences of German Military Withdrawal from the Baltic Area in 1918-19. Europe-Asia Studies, Vol. 46, No. 8, Soviet and East European History (1994), pp. 1349-1369

·         Williams, Andrew. Why don't the French do Think Tanks?: France faces up to the Anglo-Saxon superpowers, 1918-1921. Review of International Studies, Vol. 34, No. 1 (January 2008), pp. 53-68

·         Wilson, Tim. Ghost Provinces, Mislaid Minorities: The Experience of Southern Ireland and Prussian Poland Compared, 1918-23. Irish Studies in International Affairs, Vol. 13 (2002), pp. 61-86

·         Wilson, Trevor. The Coupon and the British General Election of 1918. The Journal of Modern History, Vol. 36, No. 1 (Mar., 1964), pp. 28-42

·         Wimer, Kurt. Woodrow Wilson's Plans to Enter the League of Nations through an Executive Agreement. The Western Political Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Dec., 1958), pp. 800-812

·         Worley, F. H. and Contee, C. G. The Worley Report on the Pan-African Congress of 1919. The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 55, No. 2 (Apr., 1970), pp. 140-143

·         Wright, Quincy. Validity of the Proposed Reservations to the Peace Treaty. Columbia Law Review, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Feb., 1920), pp. 121-152

·         Yearwood, Peter. 'On the Safe and Right Lines': The Lloyd George Government and the Origins of the League of Nations, 1916-1918. The Historical Journal, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Mar., 1989), pp. 131-155

·         Young, Allyn A. The United States and Reparations. Foreign Affairs, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Mar. 15, 1923), pp. 35-47

·         Zamir, Meir. Faisal and the Lebanese Question, 1918-20. Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Jul., 1991), pp. 404-426

·         Zsuppan, Ferenc Tibor. The Hungarian Soviet Republic and the British Military Representatives, April-June 1919. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. 47, No. 108 (Jan., 1969), pp. 198-218

Other Books/sources

[These are books which I have in my possession, which I have found on Google Books, and which I rented from the library, and which I got elsewhere.]

·         Andelman, David A. A Shattered Peace: Versailles 1919 and the Price We Pay Today. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New Jersey, 2008.

·         Asprey, Robert B. The German High Command at War: Hindenburg and Ludendorff and the First World War. Warner Books, London; 1994.

·         Ferguson, Niall. The Pity of War, 1914-1918. Penguin, London; 1998.

·         Gerwarth, Robert. The Vanquished – Why the First World War Failed to End. Penguin, London; 2017.

·         Graebner, Norman A. and Bennet, Edward M. The Versailles Treaty and its Legacy: The Failure of the Wilsonian Vision. Cambridge University Press, New York; 2011.

·         Lentin, A. “Lloyd George, Clemenceau and the Elusive Anglo-French Guarantee Treaty, 1919: ‘A Disastrous Episode?’” in Anglo-French Relations in the Twentieth Century, ed. Alan Sharp and Glyn Stone (London, 2000), pp. 104–19

·         Lentin, A. “The Treaty That Never Was: Lloyd George and the Abortive Anglo-French Alliance of 1919,” in The Life and Times of David Lloyd George, ed. Judith Loades (Bangor, Wales, 1991), pp. 115–28.

·         MacDonald, Lyn. To the Last Man: Spring 1918. BCA Publishing – Viking Group, London; 1998.

·         Macmillan, Margaret. The Peacemakers: Six Months to Change the World – Also listed as The Paris Conference of 1919 and its Attempt to End War. My copy was the former, so any confusion over page numbers etc. will hopefully be resolved; John Murray Publishers, London; 2002.

·         Mango, Andrew. Ataturk. John Murray Publishers, London; 2004.

·         Pendersen, Susan. The Guardians: The League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire. Oxford University Press, Oxford; 2016.

·         Philpott, William. Attrition: Fighting the First World War. Overlook Press, London; 2014.